Browsing 1981 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 48, 1981 by Issue Date

Browsing 1981 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 48, 1981 by Issue Date

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  • Howell, C.J.; Begemann, G.J.; Muir, R.W.; Louw, P.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    It was found that the build-up of simuliid numbers subsequent to the construction of dams in the Vaal and Orange Rivers could be successfully prevented by periodic, artificially controlled reductions in the water-levels ...
  • Schneider, D.J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The occurrence of annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT) in sheep and cattle is reported for the first time in South Africa. To date it has been diagnosed conclusively in South African Mutton Merino sheep on a farm in the Caledon ...
  • Van Rensburg, L.J.; Van Wyk, J.A.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The development of the female Schistosoma mattheei was significantly higher than that of the male (P<0,0001) in 12 sheep when each was exposed to equal numbers of male and female cercariae. Many more male than female ...
  • Gray, J.S.; Potgieter, F.T.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Babesia bigemina was retained in the vector Boophilus decoloratus for a complete generation despite the use of the babesicide, imidocarb dipropionate, to prevent reinfection. This drug did not sterilize ticks of the B. ...
  • Du Preez, J.H.; Greeff, A.S.; Eksteen, Nicolene; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The role of obligate anaerobic bacteria in the aetiology of mastitis of lactating dairy cows was investigated. Anaerobes were isolated from 12% of lactating mastitic cows, which were representative of 50% of the 10 dairy ...
  • Herr, S.; Roux, D.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    A process of emulsifying and centrifuging abattoir specimens before plating out is described. Brucella abortus was isolated more successfully by this process than by conventional methods, especially in low grade infections. ...
  • Fripp, P.J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Extracts of adult schistosomes collected from Hippopotamus amphibius in the Kruger National Park gave alpha naphthyl acetate isoenzyme patterns after polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis that did not correspond with those ...
  • De Vos, A.J.; Roos, J.A.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Four isolates of Theileria mutans obtained from geographically distant parts of South Africa by sub inoculation of infected blood were found to be readily transmitted by the bont tick Amblyomma hebraeum. All attempts to ...
  • Anonymous; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B.; Verster, Anna Johanna Maria (Pretoria : The Government Printer, 1981)
  • Herr, S.; Pieterson, P.M.; Boshoff, J.A.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The 50% spectrophotometric complement titration end-point (C'H₅₀) was found to be more reproducible than the 100% end-point. The relationship of the 100% end-point (MHD) to the (C'H₅₀) was 1:2, 5. The use of thrombin tubes ...
  • Kriek, N.P.J.; Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Marasas, Walter F.O. (Walter Friedrich Otto); Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    An isolate of Fusarium verticillioides (MRC826) that induced experimental leukoencephalomalacia, also caused acute toxicity when fed to pigs and administered per rumen fistula to sheep. Pigs developed severe pulmonary ...
  • Herr, S.; Marshall, C.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The rose bengal and complement fixation tests were successfully applied to buffalo (Syncerus caffer) sera. An overall occurrence of 23% positive reactors was obtained, but Brucella infection does not appear to act as an ...
  • Hoogstraal, H.; Wassef, Hilda Y.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The lectotype male, allotype female, and paratype nymph of Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) cooleyi Bedford, 1929, a parasite of the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis, in the Transvaal, are redescribed and illustrated to provide ...
  • Van der Walt, J.G.; Procos, J.; Hunter, Gael; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    A simple, accurate, colorimetric method for determining blood acetone as an adjunct to the enzymic method of estimating the other ketones was developed and tested on a group of fasted pregnant ewes. Acetone reacted with ...
  • Potgieter, F.T.; Bester, J.B.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Heparinized whole blood, heavily parasitized with Anaplasma marginale, was collected from 3 splenectomized oxen. Buffered lactose peptone (BLP) was added in equal volumes as a stabilizer and the mixture lyophilized in ...
  • Du Plessis, J.L.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Four out of 9 sheep, immune to heartwater and subsequently treated with gloxazone, showed a febrile reaction when they were challenged 6 months later, but the same number of untreated controls also developed this reaction. ...
  • Spickett, Arthur M.; Keirans, J.E.; Norval, R.A.I.; Clifford, C.M.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Ixodes (Afrixodes) matopi n. sp. is described from females and males collected off twigs bearing deposits of intraspecific communication marks secreted by the pre-orbital glands of the klipspringer Oreotragus oreotragus ...
  • Littlejohn, A.; Bowles, Felicity; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    Radiometer Blood Micro-system 2 was used in studies designed to, (a) compare the mean blood gas and acid-base values of 38 normal horses and 20 horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), (b) determine the ...
  • Giesecke, W,H,; Van den Heever, L.W. (Louwrens Wepener), 1923-; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    The investigation was performed on 3 cows, sampled repeatedly before and during the initial 48h of artificially induced, acute, clinical mastitis. The results of the investigation both augment and support those of earlier ...
  • Walker, Jane B.; Norval, R.A.I.; Corwin, M.D.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
    All stages of Rhipicephalus zambeziensis sp. nov. are described from laboratory-reared specimens of a strain originating from cattle near West Nicholson, Gwanda District, Zimbabwe. The redescription of all stages of ...