Browsing 1987 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 54, 1987 by Issue Date

Browsing 1987 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 54, 1987 by Issue Date

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  • Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Camus, E.; Barre, N.; Bigalke, R.D. (Pretoria : Government Printer, 1987)
    At present, heartwater in the Caribbean is known with certainty only on Guadeloupe, Marie Galante and Antigua; the first 2 islands are widely infected. The most important factors responsible for particular aspects of ...
  • Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Malan, Letitia; Du Plessis, J.L.; Bigalke, R.D. (Pretoria : Government Printer, 1987)
    In an epidemiological study undertaken on 23 farms where heartwater occurs endemically, it was found that on an overall average, antibodies to Cowdria ruminantium were detected in 64,3 % of the cattle, 6 adult Amblyomma ...
  • Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Gothe, R.; Bigalke, R.D. (Pretoria : Government Printer, 1987)
    According to their activity profiles tick pheromones can be characterized as assembly pheromones, aggregation/attachment pheromones, pre-attachment or pre-feeding pheromones, attractant sex pheromones, contact sex pheromones, ...
  • Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Barre, N.; Camus, E.; Bigalke, R.D. (Pretoria : Government Printer, 1987)
    Experiments were conducted with Creole goats and Amblyomma variegatum ticks in Guadeloupe to investigate whether it is possible to transmit Cowdria ruminantium to susceptible hosts with nymphs fed in the larval stage on ...
  • Visser, Elizabeth S.; Ambrosio, R.E.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    Anaplasmosis can be diagnosed either by immunological techniques or by direct microscopic examination of blood smears. Both methods are time-consuming and labour intensive. The use of DNA probes in an hybridization assay ...
  • Potgieter, F.T.; Van Rensburg, L.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    Twenty-six calves, born from 25 Anaplasma-infected, intact and splenectomized cows, from a herd kept under strict tick-free laboratory conditions, were monitored for the presence of Anaplasma antibodies, using the rapid ...
  • Coetzee, Bridgette B.; Stanford, G.D.; Davis, D.A.T.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    A strain of Boophilus decoloratus, resistant to fenvalerate, was subjected to larval immersion, adult immersion and stall tests using the following classes of ixodicides : organochlorines, organophosphates, a diamidide and ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Boomker, Jacob; Keep, M.E.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    Thirteen bushbuck, Tragelaphus scriptus, and 13 grey duikers, Sylvicapra grimmia, were culled in the Weza State Forest, Natal, from May 1983-May 1984. The maximum number of worms recovered from a single bushbuck was 393. ...
  • Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Myer, M.S.; Garnett, H.M.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    Both growth-inhibitory and growth-stimulatory factors were detected in vitro in medium from chemotactically stimulated cultures of lung lavage cells. The macrophage component of the lavage cells was found to produce a ...
  • Van Wyk, J.A. (Jan Aucamp); Malan, F.S.; Gerber, H.M.; Alves, Regina M.R.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    Two field strains of Haemonchus contortus, one from Pretoria on the Highveld and the other from White River in the Lowveld of the Transvaal, showed pronounced resistance to rafoxanide at a dosage rate of 7,5 mg/kg live ...
  • Verschoor, J.A. (Jan Adrianus), 1953-; Bornman, L.; Vermeulen, N.M.J.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    Certain species of Geigeria contain sesquiterpene lactones which cause vomiting disease in sheep. Dihydrogriesenin (DHG), a sesquiterpene lactone from G. aspera, contains an α-methylene function which can spontaneously ...
  • Prozesky, Leon; Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    The pathological changes in cattle, sheep, goats, mice and various game species infected with Cowdria ruminantium are summarized. Macroscopical lesions in most animals include effusion of body cavities, oedema of the lungs ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Petney, T.N.; Rechav, Y.; Bigalke, R.D. (Pretoria : Government Printer, 1987)
    The hosts, sites of attachment, life cycle, habitat requirements and seasonal abundance of Amblyomma astrion, Amblyomma cohaerens, Amblyomma gemma, Amblyomma hebraeum, Amblyomma lepidum, Amblyomma marmoreum, Amblyomma ...
  • Neitz, A.W.H. (Albert Walter Herman); Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Vermeulen, N.M.J.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    The isolation, characterization and kinetic properties of a toxic and non-toxic anti-protease from the eggs of A. hebraeum are compared with similar data obtained for eggs of other tick species. The biochemistry of various ...
  • Neitz, A.W.H. (Albert Walter Herman); Heartwater : Past, Present and Future. Workshop (1986 : Kruger National Park, South Africa); Vermeulen, N.M.J.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    The functional significance of some components of salivary glands and of their secretion and of haemolymph of Amblyomma hebraeum and other tick species is reviewed with respect to host responses at the attachment site, the ...
  • Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Myer, M.S.; Garnett, H.M.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    The increase of alveolar macrophages in jaagsiekte sheep lungs is not caused by excessive surfactant production but is due to a chemotactic factor secreted by the tumour cells. This factor has a molecular mass in the region ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Moolman, L.C.; Fourie, L.J.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    A variety of mammal and bird species in the Mountain Zebra National Park, eastern Cape Province, were examined for Ixodes rubicundus. In addition, caracal (Felis caracal) from the park and its vicinity as well as from the ...
  • Gummow, Bruce; De Lange, J.F.; Turner, G.V.; Redman, A.R.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    This is the first known isolation in the Republic of South Africa (RSA) of the serovar pomona from the organs of porcine foetuses as well as from the renal lymphnodes of slaughter pigs showing chronic nephritis. In addition, ...
  • Williams, Mark C.; Bastianello, Stella S.; Nesbit, J.W.; Lange, A. Lucia; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    The gross and histopathological lesions of 10 cases in a natural outbreak of aflatoxicosis amongst dogs in the Republic of South Africa are reported. The 10 cases were classified as acute (1 case), subacute (7 cases) and ...
  • Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Barnard, B.J.H.; Erasmus, Erna; Botha, W.J.S.; Bigalke, R.D. (Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria., 1987)
    A stable oil emulsion rabies vaccine with a low viscosity was composed by a formula previously employed for Newcastle disease vaccine. Cattle developed high and sustained antibody levels, and guinea pigs were found to ...