Browsing 1994 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 61, 1994 by Issue Date

Browsing 1994 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 61, 1994 by Issue Date

Sort by: Order: Results:

  • Chadenga, V.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Tsetse-transmitted trypanosomosis remains a major constraint to the development of agriculture, particularly to that of livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa. It is estimated that 10 million km² of Africa are tsetse ...
  • Da Costa Mendes, V.M. (Vasco Manuel); De Beer, M.C.; Goosen, G.H.; Steele, A.D. (Andrew Duncan); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Five cytopathic rotavirus strains were isolated in MA 104 cells from stool specimens of kids with diarrhoea. Pre-treatment of the virus with trypsin and incorporation of low levels of trypsin in the maintenance medium ...
  • Langley, P.A.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    The discovery that tsetse flies are the vectors of African trypanosomosis, causing sleeping sickness in man and nagana in cattle, occurred at the start of a rapidly expanding colonialism in sub-Saharan Africa. Hence, the ...
  • Gummow, Bruce; Swan, Gerry E.; Du Preez, J.L.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    The bioequivalence of the diminazene formulation Veriben (Centaur) was determined in cattle (n=10) by means of a single-dose, randomized cross-over experiment. The results of nine statistical procedures commonly used for ...
  • Zweygarth, Erich; Kaminsky, R.; Moloo, S.K.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Two Trypanosoma vivax stocks were initiated in culture with tsetse or culture-derived metacyclics. They were propagated axenically as bloodstream trypomastigotes at 35°C in 4% C0₂ in air. Populations of trypanosomes were ...
  • Groenewald, Hermanus B.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Previous studies indicated large, thin-walled, milk-filled rumens in lethal grey and white Karakul lambs. There was also a significant decrease in the number and size of the myenteric plexuses and the number of ganglion ...
  • Palmer, R.W.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    A ten-point visual method of estimating the abundance of immature blackflies in the field is proposed and tested. The method is based on the comparison of larvae and pupae found on natural substrates, with ten ...
  • Pentreath, V.W.; Baugh, P.J.; Lavin, D.R.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Chronic African trypanosomiasis is associated with progressive behavioural deficits, for which there is a complex underlying central nervous system (CNS) pathology. This has been extensively studied in man and a range ...
  • Connor, R.J.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    The disease in cattle, called nagana in Zulu land, was linked with trypanosomal parasitaemia and tsetse flies. Nagana occurs in livestock throughout the tsetse belts of Africa. Wild animals are tolerant of trypanosomal ...
  • Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Miles, Christopher O.; Wilkins, A.L.; Erasmus, G.L.; Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Geeldikkop was induced in a sheep by oral administration of crude saponins from Tribulus terrestris. Centrifugation of the bile from this sheep gave a pale green sediment of crystalloid material which was insoluble in ...
  • Van Halderen, A.; Van Rensburg, W.J.J.; Geyer, A.; Vorster, J.H. (Jan Harm); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Ovine keratoconjunctivitis was successfully reproduced in lambs under 1 year of age, in four separate transmission trials, by the use of mycoplasma isolates obtained from field outbreaks of ovine infectious keratoconjunctivitis. ...
  • Van Aswegen, G.; Schoeman, J.H.; De Vos, Valerius; Van Noorden, Susan; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Histological, immunocytochemical and immunofluorescence methods were employed to study the oesophagus and stomach of the elephant. The histological findings were in line with the situation in monogastric species like ...
  • Kok, D.J.; Fourie, L.J.; Oberem, P.T.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    A suspended-net technique was used to capture blackflies attracted to and engorging on Dorper and Merino sheep on irrigated pastures. Two bait animals of each breed were restrained individually in wire-mesh enclosures ...
  • Squires-Parsons, Deborah; Bennett, Gordon F.; Earle, Roy A.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Linear measurements and derived indices from striated trypanosomes in nine species of sub-Saharan birds representing seven families of the Passeriformes, were compared. The dimensions of the striated trypomastigotes from ...
  • Kotze, Sanet H.; Coetzee, Heleen L.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    The distribution of neutral mucins, sialomucins and sulphomucins was determined histochemically in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana). The techniques used were periodic ...
  • Shkap, Varda; Pipano, E.; Marcus, S.; Krigel, Y.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Colostral antibodies to B. besnoiti were detected by immunofluorescence in four calves born to two Besnoitia-infected dams, with titres ranging from 1:64 to 1:1024. A specific antibody titre of 1:1024 was found in colostrum ...
  • Anonymous; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
  • Van Amstel, S.R.; Myburgh, Elsbe; Mundell, Jennifer; Davidson, B.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    The presence of endotoxin was examined in seven sheep with experimentally induced heartwater. Elevations in endotoxin levels were recorded in one sampling in three of the seven sheep during the acute stage of the disease. ...
  • Williams, R.; Esterhuysen, J.J.; Robinson, J.T.R.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    Two specific and sensitive, indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) utilizing a protein G-peroxidase conjugate were developed to detect antibodies to the pseudorabies virus (PRV) and the transmissible ...
  • Pienaar, A.C.E.; Coetzee, L.; Bragg, R.R. (Robert Richard); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1994)
    The use of optical-density (OD) readings after a 6-h incubation period, as a suitable method to quantify the bacterial contamination on hatching eggs, was established by the use of pure cultures of five bacterial isolates ...