Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of the developmental stage of a monomorphic T. congolense IL1180 strain, in a vertebrate host, on its transmissibility by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae). Batches of 160 male teneral tsetse flies were given a single bloodmeal on mice infected with this T. congolense strain 4, 5, 6, 7 or 10 days post-infection. The proportion of infected flies in each of those batches showed that the stage of development of the trypanosome does affect the proportion of flies that develop a mature or immature infection with immature and mature infection rates of flies infected on days 5 or 10 significantly higher. The proportion of infected flies was not affected by the parasitaemia at the moment of infection. Results show that tsetse flies can become infected at any phase of the development of the T. congolense IL 1180 strain but the ease with which trypanosomes develop in the fly depends on the phase in the parasite's development in the host. Those observations suggest that in analogy with the pleomorphic T. brucei s.l. adaptation of the monomorphic T. congolense to development in the fly may also determine the parasite's transmissibility. Moreover, the findings stress the importance of standardising experiments in which the vectorial capacity of tsetse flies is determined and compared.