Teratosphaeria destructans and T. viscida are serious pathogens causing leaf, bud and shoot blight diseases
of Eucalyptus plantations in the subtropics and tropics of South-East Asia (T. destructans) and North Queensland,
Australia (T. viscida). During disease surveys in northern Western Australia and the Northern Territory of Australia,
symptoms resembling those of T. destructans were observed on young and adult leaves of native and plantation
Eucalyptus spp. and its hybrids. Phylogenetic studies revealed Teratosphaeria species associated with these
symptoms are new taxonomic novelties described here as T. novaehollandiae and T. tiwiana spp. nov. Isolates from
previous records of T. destructans recorded in Australia were re-examined and based upon the phylogenetic evidence
are reassigned to these new taxa. We conclude that T. destructans is absent from Australia.