Browsing 1982 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 49, 1982 by Issue Date

Browsing 1982 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 49, 1982 by Issue Date

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  • Snyman, L.D.; Van der Walt, J.J.; Pretorius, P.J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Two groups of Merino sheep were intoxicated separately and at different times with "gousiektebossie" (Pachystigma pygmaeum) until definite symptoms of heart failure were auscultated. Cardiectomy was carried out and some ...
  • Pitchford, R.J.; Visser, P.S.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The results of 6-month estimations of S. mattheei faecal egg counts on 513 cattle in a highly endemic area of the eastern Transvaal over a 2-year period are given. After an initial high egg output of short duration the egg ...
  • Naude, T.W.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Cotyledoside, a bufadienolide isolated from Tylecodon wallichii (Harv.) Toelken, subs. wallichii (=Cotyledon wallichii Harv.), was dosed to guinea-pigs and sheep. In guinea-pigs, the oral and subcutaneous LD₅₀ values were ...
  • Scialdo, Rosina C.; Reinecke, R.K.; De Vos, Valerius; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Ten Burchell's zebras were culled in conjunction with the Kruger National Park's game management programme. The colts ranged in age from 9-17 months and the stallions from 2½ - 23 years. The gastro-intestinal tract and ...
  • Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Bruckner, Christel; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Two doses of infective larvae of 20 000 Trichostrongylus axei, dosed to Merino lambs at an interval of 14 days and subsequently challenged with Ostertagia circumcincta, caused a significant reduction (P < 0,01) in the ...
  • Reinecke, R.K.; Bruckner, Christel; De Villiers, I.L.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Four-month-old worm-free Merino lambs were dosed with 20 000 infective larvae of Trichostrongylus axei on Day 0 and again on Day +14. On Day +83 they were treated with mebendazole at 15 mg/kg. All lambs in this group and ...
  • Gray, J.S.; Potgieter, F.T.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Babesia bigemina was transmitted by male Boophilus decoloratus and also by intravenous inoculation of a homogenate prepared from infected incubated larval ticks.
  • Herr, S.; Roux, D.; Pieterson, P.M.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    In both the complement fixation test (CFT) and the serum agglutination test (SAT) titres were reproducible for the most part within a twofold range. They seldom exceeded these limits and never a fourfold range. Brucella ...
  • Herr, S.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    A prozone and a somewhat delayed reaction were found to be present in the rose bengal test (RBT) when sera, delayed in transport, gave rise to false negative results. A postulate as to the mechanisms possibly involved ...
  • Pollard, B.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The immune response, as measured by the haemagglutination-inhibition test, to the simultaneous administration of live Hitchner B1 and 2 commercially available, inactivated, oil-based, emulsified, Newcastle disease vaccines ...
  • Herr, S.; Riley, A.E.; Neser, J.A.; Roux, D.; De Lange, J.F.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Leptospira interrogans serovar pomona was successfully isolated from cattle urine in the western Transvaal after an abortion storm had occurred. Direct inoculation of EMJH medium proved the most successful method. The ...
  • Biggs, H.C.; Anthonissen, M.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The seasonal incidence of gastro-intestinal helminths and of Oestrus ovis was determined by slaughter of successive groups of 4 tracer lambs, each exposed on pasture for 33 days. Haemonchus contortus was present from March ...
  • Herr, S.; Te Brugge, Lesley A.; Guiney, M.C.M.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The use of the serum agglutination test (SAT) as a 2nd screening test led to a reduction in false negative screening reactions especially in sera delayed in transit and provided an easy check on human error in the ...
  • Littlejohn, A.; Bowles, Felicity; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The alveolar dead space (VDalv) as a percentage of tidal volume was calculated in horses by substituting the values for partial pressure of carbon dioxide in end-expiratory gas (PE’CO₂) and for partial pressure of carbon ...
  • Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Naude, T.W.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Fluoroacetate was dosed per stomach tube to 17 Merino sheep at the rate of 0,05 - 1,0 mg/kg/day. The clinical signs, haemodynamic changes, chemical pathology and pathology of acute, subacute and chronically intoxicated ...
  • Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Joubert, Gerda; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Twelve calves were dosed with 40 000 and a further 12 with 80 000 infective larvae of Trichostrongylus axei respectively. These 2 groups and a control group were subsequently dosed with 50 000 infective larvae of Haemonchus ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; De Vos, Valerius; De Klerk, B.D.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Five vaal ribbok, culled in the Bontebok National Park during December 1979, were examined for helminth and arthropod parasites. Two nematode species, a louse and 2 tick species were recovered and there was also evidence ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Brown, Moira R.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik; De Vos, Valerius; Van Zyl, Elsa A.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The helminth burdens of 8 blesbok shot in the north-eastern Orange Free State, 8 from the eastern Cape Province, 28 from the eastern Transvaal and 3 from the central Transvaal were determined. In addition, the arthropod ...
  • Prozesky, Leon; Barnard, B.J.H.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Microscopic lesions in cattle infected with the virus of the Neethling form of lumpy skin disease comprised a granulomatous reaction in the dermis and hypodermis which extended to the surrounding tissue. During the early ...
  • Potgieter, F.T.; Van Rensburg, L.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Two batches of unfed Rhipicephalus simus nymphae carrying Anaplasma marginale were incubated for 72h and 96h respectively at 37°C. Fifty ticks were triturated at a time and the homogenates were used to infect susceptible ...