Differential diagnosis of three common Ixodes spp. ticks infesting songbirds of western Europe : Ixodes arboricola, I. frontalis and I. ricinus

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dc.contributor.author Heylen, Dieter
dc.contributor.author De Coninck, Eliane
dc.contributor.author Jansen, Famke
dc.contributor.author Madder, Maxime
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-21T12:31:20Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-21T12:31:20Z
dc.date.issued 2014-10
dc.description.abstract The three most common Ixodes spp. ticks found on songbirds in Western Europe are Ixodes frontalis, I. arboricola and I. ricinus. As the latter species is a generalist, it shares several avian hosts with the two strictly ornithophilic species. Infestations of the three species can overlap in time and space, implying that tick-borne pathogens maintained by the ornithophilic ticks and their hosts could be bridged by I. ricinus to non-avian hosts. Whereas the endophilic Ixodes arboricola only occurs in cavities, I. frontalis has been collected frequently by flagging methods from understory vegetation, which is also the habitat of the fielddwelling I. ricinus. As the latter two species have rather similar morphological characteristics, they can easily be confused with each other. In this study, we present scanning electron photomicrographs of all developmental stages of I. arboricola and I. frontalis, and provide a differential diagnosis key to distinguish the ornithophilic ticks from I. ricinus. In addition, we interpreted their phylogenetic associations based on mitochondrial 16S rDNA with other Ixodes spp. ticks (I. lividus, I. turdus, I. brunneus, I. vespertilionis, I. trianguliceps, I. hexagonus, I. scapularis). en_US
dc.description.librarian hb2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Fund for Scientific Research –Flanders (FWO) en_US
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ttbdis en_US
dc.identifier.citation Heylen, D, De Coninck, E, Jansen, F & Madder, M 2014, 'Differential diagnosis of three common Ixodes spp. ticks infesting songbirds of Western Europe: Ixodes arboricola, I. frontalis and I. ricinus', Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 693-700. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1877-959X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1877-9603 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014.05.006
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/41496
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 693-700, 2014. doi : 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014.05.006. en_US
dc.subject Ixodes frontalis en_US
dc.subject Ixodes arboricola en_US
dc.subject Ixodes ricinus en_US
dc.subject Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease en_US
dc.subject Rickettsia en_US
dc.subject 16S rDNA en_US
dc.title Differential diagnosis of three common Ixodes spp. ticks infesting songbirds of western Europe : Ixodes arboricola, I. frontalis and I. ricinus en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US


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