Browsing 1993 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 60, 1993 by Issue Date

Browsing 1993 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 60, 1993 by Issue Date

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  • Winterbach, Hanlie Evelyn Kathleen; Petzer, Inge-Marie; Apps, P.J.; Giesecke, W.H.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Milk samples were taken daily or twice weekly, and blood samples twice weekly, from six clinically healthy dairy cows. Acetone concentration was determined by a new headspace gas-chromatographic method that proved to be ...
  • Taylor, P.J. (Peter John); Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    This paper reviews recent studies on the biology, systematics and population genetics of yellow mongoose populations in terms of possible implications for the epidemiology of rabies. Based on parallel studies, the existence ...
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Kitala, P.M.; McDermott, J.J.; Kyule, M.N.; Cathuma, J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    A random sample of households in Machakos District of Kenya was surveyed using personal interviews to determine features of dog ecology relevant to the spread of rabies. A mean of 1,35 dogs/household, a dog to person ratio ...
  • Schumacher, C.L.; Coulon, Patrice; Lafay, F.; Benejean, J.; Aubert, M.F.A.; Barrat, J.; Aubert, A.; Flamand, Anne; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    The live modified rabies virus vaccine strain SAG-2 was selected from SAD Berne in a two step process employing anti-rabies glycoprotein monoclonal antibodies. The first two nucleotides coding for the amino acid in ...
  • Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.); Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Dog rabies control relies principally on the mass immunization of dogs in order to achieve population immunity levels sufficient to inhibit rabies transmission. In Africa, such high levels of population immunity are rarely ...
  • Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.); Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Populations of a number of species of the orders Carnivora and Chiroptera maintain independent rabies epidemics in different parts of the world. However, in large parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, rabid dogs ...
  • De Balogh, K.K.I.M.; Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.); Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Meslin, Francois-Xavier; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Characteristics of dog populations and their accessibility for rabies vaccination were compared in an urban and a semi-rural area in Zambia. A total of 1190 households were interviewed. In the urban study area (Mutendere, ...
  • Rupprecht, Charles Edward; Hanlon, C.A.; Niezgoda, M.; Buchanan, J.R.; Diehl, D.; Koprowski, H.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    With the advancement of recombinant DNA techniques, a number of potent biologicals are available for the oral vaccination of free-ranging animals. Once oral immunogenicity and vaccine safety have been demonstrated, efficacy ...
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Gascoyne, S.C.; King, A.A.; Laurenson, M.K.; Borner, M.; Schildger, B.; Barrat, J.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Lycaon pictus is amongst the most endangered wildlife species in Africa. In 1990 rabies virus was isolated from the brain of an adult Lycaon found dead in the Serengeti region of Tanzania. One adult and six pups of the ...
  • Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    With an apparent decline in rabies vaccination coverage in dog populations in many parts of eastern and southern Africa, consideration should be given to more effective targeting of rabies vaccination to protect those ...
  • Du Plessis, J.L.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Homologous immune sheep serum inhibits the infectivity of mice for the Kumm stock of Cowdria ruminantium in an in vitro test. The presence of complement and an optimal ratio between the reagents are of cardinal importance. ...
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Fekadu, M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Dog rabies is still epizootic in most countries of Africa, Asia and South America and in these countries dogs are responsible for most human deaths from the disease. The incubation period in dogs may vary from one week ...
  • Mebatsion, T.; Cox, J.H.; Conzelmann, K.K.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    From brain samples collected from domestic animals in Ethiopia, two rabies-related viruses were isolated. According to their reactivity pattern with anti-nucleocapsid monoclonal antibodies, they were characterized as ...
  • Bingham, J.; Foggin, Chris M.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
  • Chaparro, F.; Esterhuysen, J.J.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Ninety-seven yellow mongooses were captured in six different localities in South Africa and blood specimens for rabies antibody determination as well as brain and salivary glands for virus isolation were collected. No ...
  • Van der Merwe, N.J.; Kotze, Sanet H.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    The pleural cavity of the Nile crocodile is divided into two separate cavities by means of a complete mediastinum. The pleural cavity contains the lungs, while the heart is situated in its own cavity, the pericardial ...
  • Nel, J.A.J.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Bat-eared foxes, Otocyon megalotis , are small (3-5 kg) , primarily insectivorous carnivores widespread in the more arid areas of southern and East Africa. For many months of the year they live in nuclear family groups, ...
  • Smith, J.S.; Yager, P.A.; Orciari, L.A.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Virus isolates from three important reservoirs for rabies in Africa (domestic dogs, jackals and yellow mongooses) were compared by their reaction with a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed to the nucleocapsid protein ...
  • Coulon, Patrice; Lafay, Florence; Flamand, Anne; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
  • Bingham, J.; Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; King, A.A.; Schumacher, C.L.; Aubert, M.; Kappeler, A.; Foggin, Chris M.; Hill, F.W.G.; Aubert, A.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Work on the development of an oral vaccination system for jackals is underway at the Veterinary Laboratory (Diagnostics and Research Branch), Zimbabwe. It is anticipated that the system will be used to control the large ...