Several ixodid tick species are shared between domestic cattle and African buffaloes
(Syncerus caffer). So too, are a number of tick-borne diseases. The aim of the study was to
compare the species composition of ticks that infest cattle and buffaloes utilising the same
habitat within the Tsavo Conservation Area, Kenya. To this end, 25 cattle and 62 buffaloes
were each opportunistically sampled for ticks on a single occasion in February 2010. Eight
species, namely Amblyomma gemma, Amblyomma lepidum, Hyalomma albiparmatum, Hyalomma
rufipes, Hyalomma truncatum, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus pravus and Rhipicephalus
pulchellus infested both cattle and buffaloes. Three species, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) sp.,
Rhipicephalus kochi, and Rhipicephalus muehlensi were collected only from cattle, and three
species, Hyalomma impeltatum, Rhipicephalus humeralis and Rhipicephalus praetextatus were
present only on buffaloes. The attachment sites of the various tick species were also recorded.
New locality records for H. impeltatum and H. truncatum and the first confirmed locality record
for Rhipicephalus praetextatus sensu stricto in Kenya were documented.