Browsing Research Articles (Neurology) by Title

Browsing Research Articles (Neurology) by Title

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  • Soma, Prashilla; Ueckermann, Veronica; Sasikumar, S.S. (Sunayana); Mashoeshoe, K.S. (Sam) (Elsevier, 2016-01)
    The diagnosis of porphyria remains challenging as the condition is characterized by a myriad of clinical and biochemical features. More importantly, an acute attack is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria; Ranchhod, N.; Kakaza, Mandisa; Pillay, M. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2013-06)
    INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), caused by the John Cunningham (JC) virus, results from lytic infection of predominantly oligodendrocytes. Following the HIV pandemic, the ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2013-11)
    BACKGROUND. South Africa (SA) has a high prevalence of HIV infection with almost 11% of the population aged >2 years living with HIV. At the Steve Biko Academic Hospital, Pretoria, the Neurology Department has seen a steady ...
  • Van Coller, Riaan; Van Rensburg, Elna; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Brink, Delene; Welthagen, Gerhard Frederick; Dove, Mike G. (South African Medical Association, 2007-04)
    Two patients with African sleeping sickness (SS) presented to the neurology unit, Pretoria Academic Hospital, during 2004 and 2005. SS has shown a recent resurgence, with epidemics in the Sudan, Angola and the Democratic ...
  • Retief, Chris; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Baker, Malcolm Kevin (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2009-06)
    BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leuco-encephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary autosomal dominant non-atherosclerotic nonamyloid cerebral arteriopathy. The disease was ...
  • Mahne, A.C.; Carr, J.A.; Bardien, S.; Schutte, Clara-Maria (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-06)
    BACKGROUND. Parkinson’s disease (PD), with a prevalence of up to 4% in Western countries, appears to be less common in Africa, possibly in part because of genetic factors. African studies investigating the genetic causation ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria; Townsend, T.; Van Coller, Riaan; Olorunju, Steve A.S. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2013-01)
    BACKGROUND. HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (HAM), or tropical spastic paraparesis, is caused by a retrovirus, the human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV). Although patients with HAM and HIV infection have been described, to ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Olorunju, S.; Retief, J. (Sage, 2017-06)
    AIM : This retrospective cohort study analyzes the impact of possible risk factors on the survival chance of patients with cryptococcal meningitis. These factors include the patient's socio-economic background, age, gender, ...
  • Pretorius, Etheresia; Swanepoel, A.C. (Albe Carina); Oberholzer, Hester Magdalena; Van der Spuy, Wendy Jeannette; Duim, Wiebren; Wessels, P.F. (Pieter) (Springer, 2011-05)
    Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Formation of a fibrin clot is controlled by a group of tightly regulated plasma proteases and cofactors and a change in the fibrin fiber formation causes an alteration ...
  • Pretorius, Etheresia; Swanepoel, A.C. (Albe Carina); Buys, A.V. (Antonia Vergina); Vermeulen, Natasha; Duim, Wiebren; Kell, Douglas B. (Impact Journals, 2014-10)
    A major trend in recent Parkinson’s disease (PD) research is the investigation of biological markers that could help in identifying at‐risk individuals or to track disease progression and response to therapies. Central ...
  • Stubgen, Joerg-Patrick (Springer, 2008)
    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is not a recognized neuromuscular cause of dysphagia. However, a study of pharyngoesophageal function in FSHD has not been performed or reported. The aim of this study was to ...
  • Du Toit, Nicola; Van Coller, Riaan; Anderson, David G.; Carr, Jonathan; Bardien, Soraya (Springer, 2019-10)
    G2019S in LRRK2 is the most common mutation associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Highest frequencies are in North African Arabic (30–41%) and Ashkenazi Jewish (6–30%) populations, mostly due to founder effects. Here, ...
  • Corbett, Mark A.; Kroes, Thessa; Veneziano, Liana; Bennett, Mark F.; Florian, Rahel; Schneider, Amy L.; Coppola, Antonietta; Licchetta, Laura; Franceschetti, Silvana; Suppa, Antonio; Wenger, Aaron; Mei, Davide; Pendziwiat, Manuela; Kaya, Sabine; Delledonne, Massimo; Straussberg, Rachel; Xumerle, Luciano; Regan, Brigid; Crompton, Douglas; Van Rootselaar, Anne-Fleur; CorrelL, Anthony; Catford, Rachael; Bisulli, Francesca; Chakraborty, Shreyasee; Baldassari, Sara; Tinuper, Paolo; Barton, Kirston; Carswell, Shaun; Smith, Martin; Berardelli, Alfredo; Carroll, Renee; Gardner, Alison; Friend, Kathryn L.; Blatt, Ilan; Lacomino, Michele; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Striano, Salvatore; Buratti, Julien; Keren, Boris; Nava, Caroline; Forlani, Sylvie; Rudolf, Gabrielle; Hirsch, Edouard; Leguern, Eric; Labauge, Pierre; Balestrini, Simona; Sander, Josemir W.; Afawi, Zaid; Helbig, Ingo; Ishiura, Hiroyuki; Tsuji, Shoji; Sisodiya, Sanjay M.; Casari, Giorgio; Sadleir, Lynette G.; Van Coller, Riaan; Tijssen, Marina A.J.; Klein, Karl Martin; Van den Maagdenberg, Arn M.J.M.; Zara, Federico; Guerrini, Renzo; Berkovic, Samuel F.; Pippucci, Tommaso; Canafoglia, Laura (Nature Research, 2019-10)
    Familial Adult Myoclonic Epilepsy (FAME) is characterised by cortical myoclonic tremor usually from the second decade of life and overt myoclonic or generalised tonic-clonic seizures. Four independent loci have been ...
  • Mudau, Adziambei; Suleman, Farhana Ebrahim; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Lockhat, Zarina I. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017-11-14)
    Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML) is a progressive demyelinating condition resulting from infection with the John Cunningham virus and precipitated by immunocompromised states. The HIV pandemic, especially ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria; Van der Meyden, C.H. (Kees); Kakaza, Mandisa; Lockhat, Zarina I.; Van der Walt, Elizabeth (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2019)
    BACKGROUND: The recent listeriosis outbreak in South Africa (SA) received widespread attention in the media. More than 1 000 laboratoryconfirmed cases of listeriosis occurred during an 18-month period, with a case fatality ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane; Variava, Ebrahim (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2015-06-26)
    We report the case of an HIV-positive female patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 who was treated for recurrent peptic ulcer disease and later developed diabetes mellitus and chronic diarrhoea. A metastasising somatostatinoma ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane (Springer, 2014-08)
    Berichtet wird über eine 63 jährige Patientin mit Diabetes mellitus und einer unilateralen Hemichorea-Athetose, bei der eine nicht-ketotische Hyperglykämie als Ursache diagnostiziert wurde. Diese seltene Komplikation im ...
  • Van Rooy, Mia-Jeanne; Duim, Wiebren; Ehlers, Rene; Buys, Antoinette V.; Pretorius, Etheresia (BioMed Central, 2015)
    BACKGROUND : Strokes are commonly preceded by transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). TIA is often associated with metabolic syndrome (causing chronic inflammation), resulting in a proinflammatory- and procoagulantenvironment. The ...
  • Carr, Jonathan; Van Coller, Riaan (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2014-06)
    Neurodegenerative diseases are important causes of disability and death, with prominent examples including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease (PD) and motor neuron disease. Although familial clustering of these ...
  • Stubgen, Joerg-Patrick (Springer, 2008)
    Rigid spine syndrome (RSS) is a group of childhood-onset muscle disorders characterized by marked limitation of flexion of the spine. Various cardiac changes have been documented in case reports. This study reports on a ...