Browsing Research Articles (Neurology) by Title

Browsing Research Articles (Neurology) by Title

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  • Soma, Prashilla; Ueckermann, Veronica; Sasikumar, S.S. (Sunayana); Mashoeshoe, K.S. (Sam) (Elsevier, 2016-01)
    The diagnosis of porphyria remains challenging as the condition is characterized by a myriad of clinical and biochemical features. More importantly, an acute attack is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane; Annor, T.N. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2023-01)
    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an uncommon, subacute neurological disorder that presents radiologically with a pattern of bilateral parieto-occipital areas of vasogenic oedema. Conditions commonly ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria; Ranchhod, N.; Kakaza, Mandisa; Pillay, M. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2013-06)
    INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), caused by the John Cunningham (JC) virus, results from lytic infection of predominantly oligodendrocytes. Following the HIV pandemic, the ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2013-11)
    BACKGROUND. South Africa (SA) has a high prevalence of HIV infection with almost 11% of the population aged >2 years living with HIV. At the Steve Biko Academic Hospital, Pretoria, the Neurology Department has seen a steady ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane; Schutte, Clara-Maria (South African Medical Association, 2023-03)
    Since the identification of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antibodies about 15 years ago, many patients with rapidly progressing psychiatric symptoms, abnormal movements, seizures or unexplained coma have been ...
  • Hiesgen, J.; Schutte, Clara-Maria (South African Medical Association, 2023-04)
    Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) represents a growing number of severe autoimmune-inflammatory diseases affecting both the white and grey matter of the brain. In part 1 of this series, we focused on the epidemiology, ...
  • Van Coller, Riaan; Van Rensburg, Elna; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Brink, Delene; Welthagen, Gerhard Frederick; Dove, Mike G. (South African Medical Association, 2007-04)
    Two patients with African sleeping sickness (SS) presented to the neurology unit, Pretoria Academic Hospital, during 2004 and 2005. SS has shown a recent resurgence, with epidemics in the Sudan, Angola and the Democratic ...
  • Retief, Chris; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Baker, Malcolm Kevin (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2009-06)
    BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leuco-encephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary autosomal dominant non-atherosclerotic nonamyloid cerebral arteriopathy. The disease was ...
  • Mahne, A.C.; Carr, J.A.; Bardien, S.; Schutte, Clara-Maria (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-06)
    BACKGROUND. Parkinson’s disease (PD), with a prevalence of up to 4% in Western countries, appears to be less common in Africa, possibly in part because of genetic factors. African studies investigating the genetic causation ...
  • Schutte, Clara-Maria; Townsend, T.; Van Coller, Riaan; Olorunju, Steve A.S. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2013-01)
    BACKGROUND. HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (HAM), or tropical spastic paraparesis, is caused by a retrovirus, the human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV). Although patients with HAM and HIV infection have been described, to ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Olorunju, S.; Retief, J. (Sage, 2017-06)
    AIM : This retrospective cohort study analyzes the impact of possible risk factors on the survival chance of patients with cryptococcal meningitis. These factors include the patient's socio-economic background, age, gender, ...
  • Pretorius, Etheresia; Swanepoel, A.C. (Albe Carina); Oberholzer, Hester Magdalena; Van der Spuy, Wendy Jeannette; Duim, Wiebren; Wessels, Pieter Frederik (Springer, 2011-05)
    Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Formation of a fibrin clot is controlled by a group of tightly regulated plasma proteases and cofactors and a change in the fibrin fiber formation causes an alteration ...
  • Pretorius, Etheresia; Swanepoel, A.C. (Albe Carina); Buys, A.V. (Antonia Vergina); Vermeulen, Natasha; Duim, Wiebren; Kell, Douglas B. (Impact Journals, 2014-10)
    A major trend in recent Parkinson’s disease (PD) research is the investigation of biological markers that could help in identifying at‐risk individuals or to track disease progression and response to therapies. Central ...
  • Stubgen, Joerg-Patrick (Springer, 2008)
    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is not a recognized neuromuscular cause of dysphagia. However, a study of pharyngoesophageal function in FSHD has not been performed or reported. The aim of this study was to ...
  • Lech, James C.; Halma, Matthew T.J.; Obajuluwa, Adejoke O.; Baker, Malcolm Kevin; Hamblin, Michael R. (Sage, 2023-04)
    BACKGROUND : The relationship between the quality of the learning environment and student outcomes is receiving more serious attention from educational psychologists, neurologists, ophthalmologists, orthopedists, surgeons, ...
  • Du Toit, Nicola; Van Coller, Riaan; Anderson, David G.; Carr, Jonathan; Bardien, Soraya (Springer, 2019-10)
    G2019S in LRRK2 is the most common mutation associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Highest frequencies are in North African Arabic (30–41%) and Ashkenazi Jewish (6–30%) populations, mostly due to founder effects. Here, ...
  • Hiesgen, Juliane; Schutte, Clara-Maria (South African Medical Association, 2023-03)
    Since the identification of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antibodies about 15 years ago, many patients with rapidly progressing psychiatric symptoms, abnormal movements, seizures or unexplained coma, have been ...
  • Corbett, Mark A.; Kroes, Thessa; Veneziano, Liana; Bennett, Mark F.; Florian, Rahel; Schneider, Amy L.; Coppola, Antonietta; Licchetta, Laura; Franceschetti, Silvana; Suppa, Antonio; Wenger, Aaron; Mei, Davide; Pendziwiat, Manuela; Kaya, Sabine; Delledonne, Massimo; Straussberg, Rachel; Xumerle, Luciano; Regan, Brigid; Crompton, Douglas; Van Rootselaar, Anne-Fleur; CorrelL, Anthony; Catford, Rachael; Bisulli, Francesca; Chakraborty, Shreyasee; Baldassari, Sara; Tinuper, Paolo; Barton, Kirston; Carswell, Shaun; Smith, Martin; Berardelli, Alfredo; Carroll, Renee; Gardner, Alison; Friend, Kathryn L.; Blatt, Ilan; Lacomino, Michele; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Striano, Salvatore; Buratti, Julien; Keren, Boris; Nava, Caroline; Forlani, Sylvie; Rudolf, Gabrielle; Hirsch, Edouard; Leguern, Eric; Labauge, Pierre; Balestrini, Simona; Sander, Josemir W.; Afawi, Zaid; Helbig, Ingo; Ishiura, Hiroyuki; Tsuji, Shoji; Sisodiya, Sanjay M.; Casari, Giorgio; Sadleir, Lynette G.; Van Coller, Riaan; Tijssen, Marina A.J.; Klein, Karl Martin; Van den Maagdenberg, Arn M.J.M.; Zara, Federico; Guerrini, Renzo; Berkovic, Samuel F.; Pippucci, Tommaso; Canafoglia, Laura (Nature Research, 2019-10)
    Familial Adult Myoclonic Epilepsy (FAME) is characterised by cortical myoclonic tremor usually from the second decade of life and overt myoclonic or generalised tonic-clonic seizures. Four independent loci have been ...
  • Mudau, Adziambei; Suleman, Farhana Ebrahim; Schutte, Clara-Maria; Lockhat, Zarina I. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017-11-14)
    Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML) is a progressive demyelinating condition resulting from infection with the John Cunningham virus and precipitated by immunocompromised states. The HIV pandemic, especially ...
  • Munsami, Lyneshree; Schutte, Clara-Maria; De Villiers, Maryke; Hiesgen, Juliane (AOSIS, 2023-01-19)
    BACKGROUND : The neuropsychiatric side effects of efavirenz occur mainly early during treatment and are usually mild. A lesser-known and serious complication is late-onset efavirenz toxicity causing ataxia and encephalopathy. ...