Lamb, Gregory V.; Green, Robin J.(Allergy Society of South Africa, 2017-06)
The enteric nervous system and the central nervous system are no longer viewed as being separate entities.
They are connected to each other by the vagal nerve which allows for bi-directional communication between
Microorganisms in nature rarely exist in a planktonic form, but in the form of biofilms. Biofilms have been identified as the cause of many chronic and persistent infections and have been implicated in the etiology of ...
Sathekge, Mike Machaba(Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017-09)
In the recent Transactions, the Colleges of Medicine of South Africa
(CMSA) states that work-based assessment (WBA) should be
an essential part of an assessment system, alongside the national
professional examination. ...
Haus, Matthias(Allergy Society of South Africa, 2017-03)
The delivery of healthcare has, over the past 2 500 years, been firmly entrenched in the domain of the
physician. Since the ‘Father of Medicine’, Hippocrates (470 BC) created his vision for just, moral and ethical
Pretorius, Etheresia; Mbotwe, Sthembile; Kell, Douglas B.(Nature Publishing Group, 2017-08-29)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has many cardiovascular complications, including a thrombotic propensity. Many
such chronic, inflammatory diseases are accompanied (and may be exacerbated, and possibly even
largely caused) by ...
Benamro, F.; Sartorius, B.; Clarke, D.L.; Anderson, F.; Loots, E.; Olinger, Lynda(Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017-02)
BACKGROUND : Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world, with the third-highest associated mortality. It has a varying geographical, ethnic and socioeconomic distribution. OBJECTIVE : To ...
INTRODUCTION - Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are a
group of polyphenolic secondary metabolites synthesized
in plants via flavonoid pathway. Strawberry
(Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) is a rich source of flavonoids
and proanthocyanins, ...
Few studies have investigated the occupational hazards of municipal solid waste workers, particularly in developing countries.
Resultantly these workers are currently exposed to unknown and unabated occupational hazards ...
Mc Fie, Sarah; Abrahams, Shameemah; Patricios, Jonathan Speridon; Suter, Jason; Posthumus, Michael; September, Alison V.(Elsevier, 2017-07)
OBJECTIVES : Personality traits have been proposed to affect the risk of sports concussion, but evidence is limited. Cloninger’s Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) measures novelty seeking, harm avoidance (HA), ...
Hayes, Vanessa M.; Bornman, Maria S. (Riana)(American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2017-03-21)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer
diagnosis in men from economically stable countries
and is a leading cause of cancer-related
death.1 However, the population with the highest
reported incidence and ...
BACKGROUND : In October 2012 Uganda extended its prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) policy
to Option B+, providing lifelong antiretroviral treatment for HIV positive pregnant and breastfeeding women. ...
Rollin, Halina B.(National Association for Clean Air, 2017)
The World Health Organization (WHO) recognises that
environmental pollution is a major cause of global disease,
death and disabilities with a toll greater than that caused by
HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. ...
Van den Berg, Sylvia; Van Rooyen, Cathy; Green, Robin J.(Allergy Society of South Africa, 2017-03)
Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) remain largely
undiagnosed and underreported in South Africa.1
PIDs are inherited, non-communicable disorders that
involve a defect in one or more components of the immune
The incidence of esophageal cancer varies widely in the world. In the Middle East, Africa, and Asia and parts of Europe, squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus dominates the esophageal cancer landscape. Worldwide the ...
Sherman, Gayle G.; Mazanderani, Ahmad Haeri; Barron, Peter; Bhardwaj, Sanjana; Niit, Ronelle; Okobi, Margaret; Puren, Adrian; Jackson, Debra J.; Goga, Ameena Ebrahim(Edinburgh University Global Health Society, 2017-06)
BACKGROUND : South Africa has utilized three independent
data sources to measure the impact of its program
for the prevention of mother–to–child transmission
(PMTCT) of HIV. These include the South African
Beaudet, Amelie(Frontiers Research Foundation, 2017-08-23)
Since brain does not fossilize, brain endocast (i.e., replica of the inner surface of the braincase, Figure Figure1)1) constitutes the only direct evidence for reconstructing hominin brain evolution (Holloway, 1978; ...
OBJECTIVES : The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis concentrations in pregnant women of different age groups, gestational age groups, vaginal flora categories ...
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a primary complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a direct manifestation of vitamin B12
deficiency. Examining the effects of metformin use on PN status became imperative following ...
O’Hara, Lyndsay M.; Yassi, Annalee; Zungu, Muzimkhulu; Malotle, Molebogeng; Bryce, Elizabeth A.; Barker, Stephen J.; Darwin, Lincoln; FitzGerald, J. Mark(BioMed Central, 2017-08-07)
BACKGROUND : Health workers (HWs) in resource-limited settings are at high-risk of exposure to tuberculosis (TB) at
work. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of TB disease among HWs in the Free State Province ...
Adriaan, Brink; Schoeman, Johan P.; Muntingh, George L.(Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017-05)
A multisite survey of South African (SA) medical students’ perceptions
and knowledge of antibiotic resistance (ABR) and appropriate
prescribing by Wasserman et al., published in this edition of the
SAMJ, demonstrates ...