Virus isolates from three important reservoirs for rabies in Africa (domestic dogs, jackals and yellow
mongooses) were compared by their reaction with a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed to the
nucleocapsid protein and by the nucleotide sequence of a 200 base pair segment of the nucleocapsid
gene. Although antigenically dissimilar, the variants commonly transmitted in dogs and jackals were
very closely related by genetic analysis. Phylogenetic analysis and historical accounts support a common
lineage for these variants in both past and present reservoirs for rabies in Europe. Two additional
variants, distinct from the dog or jackal variant, were found in yellow mongoose samples and nucleotide
sequence from these animals showed more divergence than any other group of samples. These variants
and a third variant for which no host species could be identified, were shown to form two additional
genetic groups only distantly related to each other. These three variants and a previously identified
variant in Nigeria may be indigenous to African carnivores.
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Cilliers, Jakkie; Schunemann, Julia; Moyer, Jonathan D.(Institute for Security Studies, 2015-03)
This paper explores the changing power capabilities of Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia,
Nigeria, and South Africa (the ‘Big Five’) over the next 25 years. Of these countries,
Ethiopia and Nigeria are forecast to increase their ...
Bungane, Mbulelo Shadrack(University of Pretoria, 2014)
The study examines SA‟s human rights diplomacy in Africa and the selected countries, namely Libya, Nigeria, the Sudan and Zimbabwe during the presidencies of Presidents Mandela and Mbeki. When SA decided to follow an ethics ...
Venkatraman, Kubashnee(University of Pretoria, 2014)
Shockwaves from the 2007–2010 financial crises caused a huge economic downturn and impacted countries and market centres globally. This blemished the reputation of the banks with many blaming the global financial crisis ...