1993 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 60, 1993

1993 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 60, 1993

 

Untitled Document

CONTENTS
Volume 60: Number 1
Osteology of the thoracic limb of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) Smuts, M.M.S. (Malie Marie Sophie), 1933-; Bezuidenhout, A.J. (Abraham Johannes), 1942- 1

A host-parasite list of the haematozoa of domestic poultry in sub-Saharan Africa and the isolation of Plasmodium durae Herman from turkeys and francolins in South Africa Huchzermeyer, Fritz W. 15

Parasites of South African freshwater fish . Ill. Rhabdochona (Rhabdochona) versterae n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabdochonidae) from the spot-tailed robber, Alestes imberi Peters 1852 Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik; Petter, A.J. 23

The identification of Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides LC as the aetiological agent of balanoposthitis and vulvovaginitis in sheep in South Africa Prozesky, Leon; Trichard, C.J.V.; Jordaan, P.; Jacobsz, Elsie P.; Henton, Marijke M. 29

Detection of bluetongue virus RNA in cell cultures and in the central nervous system of experimentally infected mice using in situ hybridization Venter, Estelle Hildegard; Van der Lugt, Jaco J.; Gerdes, Gertruida Hermanna 39

The use of EDTA in the microtitration serum agglutination test in bovine brucellosis Potts, A.D. 47

A redescription of Lipoptena binocula (Speiser 1908) (Hippoboscidae: Diptera), with notes on its biology and comparisons with the other two flies of this genus in South Africa Visagie, Elize J. 51

Dermacentor rhinocerinus (Denny 1843) (Acari: lxodida: Ixodidae) : redescription of the male, female and nymph and first description of the larva Keirans, J.E. 59

An in vitro test to demonstrate the inhibitory effect of homologous immune serum on the infectivity of Cowdria ruminantium Du Plessis, J.L. 69

Volume 60: Number 2

Generation of a nucleic acid probe specific for the alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 and its use for the detection of malignant catarrhal fever virus DNA in blue wildebeest calves (Connochaetes taurinus) Michel, Anita Luise 87

Fleas and lice on scrub hares (Lepus saxatilis) in South Africa Horak, Ivan Gerard; Braack, L.E.O.; Louw, J.P. 95

Pathogenicity and chemotherapy of Plasmodium durae in experimentally infected domestic turkeys Huchzermeyer, Fritz W. 103

Circulation of African horsesickness virus in zebra (Equus burchelli) in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, as measured by the prevalence of type specific antibodies Barnard, B.J.H. 111

Ultrastructure of ostrich (Struthio camelus) spermatozoa : I. Transmission electron microscopy Soley, John Thomson 119

Parasites of South African freshwater fish. IV. Description of Spirocamallanus daleneae n. sp. (Nematoda: Camallanidae) from Synodontis zambezensis Peters, 1852 (Mochokidae) with comments on Spirocamallanus spiralis (Baylis, 1923) Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik 131

Parasites of South African freshwater fish. V. Description of two new species of the genus Spinitectus Fourment, 1883 (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik 139

Plasmid-encoded NAD independence in some South African isolates of Haemophilus paragallinarum Verschoor, J.A. (Jan Adrianus), 1953-; Bragg, R.R. (Robert Richard); Coetzee, L. 147

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS : The use of the GENETRAK Escherichia coli probe kit for the detection of three atypical E. coli isolates Davis, A.J.; Bragg, R.R. (Robert Richard) 153

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS : Serological evidence of equine arteritis virus in donkeys in South Africa Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz; Barnard, B.J.H. 155

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS : Variation in clinical disease and species susceptibility to psittacine beak and feather disease in Zimbabwean lovebirds Kock, N.D.; Hangartner, P.U.; Lucke, V. 159

Volume 60: Number 3

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XXXII. Ixodid ticks on scrub hares in the Transvaal Horak, Ivan Gerard; Braack, L.E.O.; Penzhorn, Barend Louis; Spickett, Arthur M. 163

Prevalence of antibodies against some equine viruses in zebra (Zebra burchelli) in the Kruger National Park, 1991-1992 Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz; Barnard, B.J.H. 175

Monoclonal antibody characterization of South African field isolates of Haemophilus paragallinarum Verschoor, J.A. (Jan Adrianus), 1953-; Bragg, R.R. (Robert Richard); Coetzee, L. 181

Ultrastructure of the myenteric ganglia in the rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum of grey, white and black Karakul lambs Groenewald, Hermanus B. 189

Ultrastructure of the epithelium of the rumen, reticulum and omasum of grey, white and black Karakul lambs Groenewald, Hermanus B. 197

Rhipicephalus aquatilis sp. nov. (Acari: Ixodidae), a new tick species parasitic mainly on the sitatunga, Tragelaphus spekei, in East and Central Africa Walker, Jane B.; Keirans, J.E.; Pegram, R.G. 205

Lymphocyte blast transformation responses and restriction fragment length analysis in the cheetah Spencer, J.A. 211

The topography of the thoracic and abdominal organs of the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus-niloticus) Van der Merwe, N.J.; Kotze, Sanet H. 219

Lice on helmeted guineafowls at five localities in South Africa Horak, Ivan Gerard; Louw, J.P.; Meyer, Santa; Price, R.D. 223

Rhipicephalus exophthalmos sp. nov., a new tick species from southern Africa, and redescription of Rhipicephalus oculatus Neumann, 1901, with which it has hitherto been confused (Acari: lxodida: Ixodidae) Horak, Ivan Gerard; Keirans, J.E.; Walker, Jane B.; Heyne, Heloise 229

Cyclic fluctuations in acetone concentrations in the blood and milk of clinically healthy dairy cows Petzer, Inge-Marie; Apps, P.J.; Giesecke, W.H.; Winterbach, Hanlie Evelyn Kathleen 247

RESEARCH COMMUNICATION : Rabies and bats in a rabies-endemic area of southern Africa : application of two commercial test kits for antigen and antibody detection Oelofsen, M.J.; Smith, M.S. 257

BOOK REVIEW : Health and management of free-ranging mammals.

Volume 60: Number 4

The Molecular epidemiology of African Lyssaviruses

The rabies virus genome : an overview Tordo, Noël; Kouknetzoff, Anne 263

Rabies virus antigenicity : an overview Coulon, Patrice; Lafay, Florence; Flamand, Anne 271

Taxonomy and evolutionary studies on Lyssaviruses with special reference to Africa Bourhy, H.; Kissi, B.; Tordo, N. 277

Monoclonal antibody studies on rabies-related viruses King, A.A. 283

Molecular analysis of rabies-related viruses from Ethiopia Mebatsion, T.; Cox, J.H.; Conzelmann, K.K. 289

Canid and viverrid rabies viruses in South Africa Thomson, G.R. (Gavin); King, A.A.; Meredith, C.D. 295

Molecular epidemiology of rabies virus in South Africa Nel, Louis Hendrik; Thomson, G.R. (Gavin); Von Teichman, B.F. 301

Rabies in wild and domestic carnivores of Africa : epidemiological and historical associations determined by limited sequence analysis Smith, J.S.; Yager, P.A.; Orciari, L.A. 307

Molecular epidemiology of lyssaviruses : focus on the glycoprotein and pseudogenes Badrane, Hassan; Tordo, Noel; Sacramento, Debora; Bourhy, Herve 315

Rabies in wildlife

Rabies in southern Africa Swanepoel, Robert; Barnard, B.J.H.; Meredith, C.D.; Bishop, G.C.; Foggin, Chris M.; Hubschle, Otto J.B.; Bruckner, Gideon K. 325

Wildlife rabies in perspective Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.) 347

Rabies and wildlife : a conservation problem? Macdonald, D.W. 351

Current status of fox rabies in Europe Barrat, J.; Aubert, M.F.A. 357

Jackal rabies in Zimbabwe Bingham, J.; Foggin, Chris M. 365

Biology of the black-backed jackal Canis mesomelas with reference to rabies McKenzie, Andrew Alec 367

The role of the yellow mongoose (Cynictis penicillata) in the epidemiology of rabies in South Africa - preliminary results Chaparro, F.; Esterhuysen, J.J. 373

A systematic and population genetic approach to the rabies problem in the yellow mongoose (Cynictis penicillata) Taylor, P.J. (Peter John) 379

Bat-eared fox behavioural ecology and the incidence of rabies in the Serengeti National Park Maas, B. 389

The bat-eared fox : a prime candidate for rabies vector? Nel, J.A.J. 395

Rabies in bat-eared foxes in South Africa Thomson, G.R. (Gavin); Meredith, C.D. 399

Social systems and behaviour of the African wild dog Lycaon pictus and the spotted hyaena Crocuta crocuta with special reference to rabies Mills, Michael G.L. (Gus) 405

Rabies in the Masai Mara, Kenya : preliminary report Alexander, K.A.; Smith, J.S.; Macharia, M.J.; King, A.A. 411

Aspects of rabies infection and control in the conservation of the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) in the Serengeti region, Tanzania King, A.A.; Laurenson, M.K.; Borner, M.; Schildger, B.; Barrat, J. 415

Development of bait vaccines for the control of canine rabies Fekadu, M. 421
Canine rabies

Dog ecology in eastern and southern Africa - implications for rabies control Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946- 429

A dog ecology study in an urban and a semi-rural area of Zambia De Balogh, K.K.I.M.; Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.) 437

Features of dog ecology relevant to rabies spread in Machakos District, Kenya Kitala, P.M.; McDermott, J.J.; Kyule, M.N.; Cathuma, J.M. 445

The delivery of oral rabies vaccines to dogs : an African perspective Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.) 451

SAG-2 oral rabies vaccine Schumacher, C.L.; Coulon, Patrice; Lafay, F.; Benejean, J.; Aubert, M.F.A.; Barrat, J.; Aubert, A.; Flamand, Anne 459

Recombinant rabies vaccines : efficacy assessment in free-ranging animals upprecht, Charles Edward; Hanlon, C.A.; Niezgoda, M.; Buchanan, J.R.; Diehl, D.; Koprowski, H. 463

Rabies eradication in Belgium by fox vaccination using vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus Brochier, B.; Pastoret, P.P. 469

Oral rabies vaccination of jackals : progress in Zimbabwe Bingham, J.; Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; King, A.A.; Schumacher, C.L.; Aubert, M.; Kappeler, A.; Foggin, Chris M.; Hill, F.W.G.; Aubert, A. 477

Bait formulation and distribution for oral rabies vaccination of domestic dogs : an overview Linhart, S.B. 479

List of delegates who attended a workshop on Rabies in southern and eastern Africa. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa, 3-5 May 1993

491

Author index

493

Subject index

501

Recent Submissions

  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Anonymous; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
  • Anonymous; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
  • Linhart, S.B.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Current efforts to develop oral rabies vaccine baits for domestic dogs are reviewed and new materials (bait matrices, additives, vaccine containers, vaccine modification) for improving bait acceptance and vaccine delivery ...
  • Bingham, J.; Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; King, A.A.; Schumacher, C.L.; Aubert, M.; Kappeler, A.; Foggin, Chris M.; Hill, F.W.G.; Aubert, A.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Work on the development of an oral vaccination system for jackals is underway at the Veterinary Laboratory (Diagnostics and Research Branch), Zimbabwe. It is anticipated that the system will be used to control the large ...
  • Brochier, B.; Pastoret, P.P.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Oral immunization of foxes against rabies, by distributing vaccine-baits in the field, has been in progress since 1993 in the whole of the infected area of Belgium (10 000 km²). A vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus (VR-G) ...
  • Schumacher, C.L.; Coulon, Patrice; Lafay, F.; Benejean, J.; Aubert, M.F.A.; Barrat, J.; Aubert, A.; Flamand, Anne; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    The live modified rabies virus vaccine strain SAG-2 was selected from SAD Berne in a two step process employing anti-rabies glycoprotein monoclonal antibodies. The first two nucleotides coding for the amino acid in ...
  • De Balogh, K.K.I.M.; Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.); Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Meslin, Francois-Xavier; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Characteristics of dog populations and their accessibility for rabies vaccination were compared in an urban and a semi-rural area in Zambia. A total of 1190 households were interviewed. In the urban study area (Mutendere, ...
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Kitala, P.M.; McDermott, J.J.; Kyule, M.N.; Cathuma, J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    A random sample of households in Machakos District of Kenya was surveyed using personal interviews to determine features of dog ecology relevant to the spread of rabies. A mean of 1,35 dogs/household, a dog to person ratio ...
  • Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; Wandeler, A.I. (Alexander I.); Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Dog rabies control relies principally on the mass immunization of dogs in order to achieve population immunity levels sufficient to inhibit rabies transmission. In Africa, such high levels of population immunity are rarely ...
  • Rupprecht, Charles Edward; Hanlon, C.A.; Niezgoda, M.; Buchanan, J.R.; Diehl, D.; Koprowski, H.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    With the advancement of recombinant DNA techniques, a number of potent biologicals are available for the oral vaccination of free-ranging animals. Once oral immunogenicity and vaccine safety have been demonstrated, efficacy ...
  • Perry, B.D. (Brian D.), 1946-; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    With an apparent decline in rabies vaccination coverage in dog populations in many parts of eastern and southern Africa, consideration should be given to more effective targeting of rabies vaccination to protect those ...
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Gascoyne, S.C.; King, A.A.; Laurenson, M.K.; Borner, M.; Schildger, B.; Barrat, J.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Lycaon pictus is amongst the most endangered wildlife species in Africa. In 1990 rabies virus was isolated from the brain of an adult Lycaon found dead in the Serengeti region of Tanzania. One adult and six pups of the ...
  • Alexander, K.A.; Smith, J.S.; Macharia, M.J.; King, A.A.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    A serosurvey of rabies antibodies among domestic dogs (Canis familiaris, n=178), spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta, n=72) and African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus, n=18) of the Masai Mara, Kenya, was carried out. Rabies ...
  • Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Fekadu, M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Dog rabies is still epizootic in most countries of Africa, Asia and South America and in these countries dogs are responsible for most human deaths from the disease. The incubation period in dogs may vary from one week ...
  • Chaparro, F.; Esterhuysen, J.J.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Ninety-seven yellow mongooses were captured in six different localities in South Africa and blood specimens for rabies antibody determination as well as brain and salivary glands for virus isolation were collected. No ...
  • Bingham, J.; Foggin, Chris M.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
  • McKenzie, Andrew Alec; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    The black-backed jackal is represented in rabies records from southern Africa and is suspected of playing an important role in the disease in this region. The basic biology of the species suggests that it does have certain ...
  • Barrat, J.; Aubert, M.F.A.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    There was a general decline in animal rabies in Europe in 1991 following the peak levels which occurred in 1989. This was ascribed, in France at least, to the normal decline in cases usually experienced following peak ...
  • Macdonald, David W.; Rabies in Southern and Eastern Africa. Workshop. (1993, Pretoria, South Africa); Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand (Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, 1993)
    Understanding the behavioural ecology of wild mammals in rabies epizootics is a prerequisite to scientifically sound management of the disease. The principal vectors of wildlife rabies in a region tend to be abundant ...

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