The South African (SA) Childhood Asthma Working Group of the Allergy Society of SA (ALLSA) advises on best-practice strategy for
childhood asthma management. The strategy is in accordance with current evidence and consensus. The aim of this review is to inform on
a best-practice strategy for asthma diagnosis and the assessment of asthma control in SA children who attend public and private healthcare
services. The diagnosis of asthma is more difficult in preschool-aged than school-aged children. This review proposes a four-step diagnostic
approach in both groups, with an added obligation to objectively measure variable expiratory airflow limitation in school-aged children.
Asthma control refers to the degree to which the effects of asthma can be seen in patients, or to which these have been reduced by treatment.
After initiation of treatment, it is essential to assess asthma control at regular follow-up visits, and to adjust treatment accordingly. Patient
education is key to attaining control.