A global assessment of knowledge of dental students about nicotine replacement therapy : findings from 43 countries

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dc.contributor.author Agaku, Israel T.
dc.contributor.author Ayo-Yusuf, Olalekan A.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-24T11:14:16Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-24T11:14:16Z
dc.date.issued 2014-08
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES : Knowledge of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a competency that is expected from receiving training in the treatment for tobacco dependence. This study therefore assessed the knowledge of dental students in 43 countries about NRT. METHODS : The 2005–2011 dental Global Health Professions Student Survey data were analysed for 13,040 third-year dental students from 43 countries. Knowledge about NRT was self-reported and country-specific prevalence estimates were calculated. To assess for correlates of knowledge about NRT amongst dental students, a multivariate logistic regression model was fitted (P < 0.05), with pooled data from all 43 countries. The model assessed for geographical location, gross national income, tobacco cessation training in school, sex, current tobacco use and survey year. RESULTS : Amongst all dental students, the proportion that knew about NRT ranged from 37.0% (Mongolia) to 97.6% (Slovakia). The odds of knowing about NRT were lower amongst dental students in the Eastern Mediterranean region (aOR = 0.52; 95%CI: 0.34–0.79) compared to those in the European region. Dental students in upper-middle-income (aOR = 2.46; 95% CI: 1.57–3.85) and high-income countries (aOR=4.55; 95% CI: 2.28–9.09) both had higher odds of knowing about NRT com-pared to dental students in low-income countries. Also, current use of any tobacco product and receipt of tobacco cessation training in school were both associated with higher likelihood of knowing about NRT. No significant gender differences in knowl-edge of NRT were observed. CONCLUSIONS : A large proportion of dental students in several countries knew about NRT. However, disparities in knowledge existed across regions. Enhanced efforts are needed to formally train dental students on tobacco cessation techniques. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2015-08-31 en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1600-0579 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Agaku, IT & Ayo-Yusuf, OA 2014, 'A global assessment of knowledge of dental students about nicotine replacement therapy : findings from 43 countries', European Journal of Dental Education, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 154-161. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1396-5883 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1600-0579 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1111/eje.12072
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/44141
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Wiley en_ZA
dc.rights © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article : A global assessment of knowledge of dental students about nicotine replacement therapy : findings from 43 countries, European Journal of Dental Education, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 154-161, 2014. doi : 10.1111/eje.12072. The definite version is available at : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.comjournal/10.1111/(ISSN)1600-0579 en_ZA
dc.subject Dentists en_ZA
dc.subject Students en_ZA
dc.subject Cessation en_ZA
dc.subject Tobacco en_ZA
dc.subject Counselling en_ZA
dc.subject Education en_ZA
dc.subject Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) en_ZA
dc.title A global assessment of knowledge of dental students about nicotine replacement therapy : findings from 43 countries en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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