Efficiency indices and indicators of poor performance among emerging small-scale pig farmers in the Limpopo Province, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Mokoele, Japhter M.
dc.contributor.author Spencer, B.T. (Brian Tom)
dc.contributor.author Van Leengoed, Leo A.M.G.
dc.contributor.author Fasina, Folorunso Oludayo
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-23T08:01:04Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-23T08:01:04Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11
dc.description.abstract Limpopo is a very important area for pig production in terms of animal populations and contributions to transboundary animal disease spread. Emerging small-scale pig farmers (ESSPF) are being encouraged to establish operations and spread in South Africa; however, for these farmers to perform optimally, they need to understand the basics of animal agriculture and contribute to enhancing biosecurity and efficient production systems. In the present study, the limitations to efficient production amongst ESSPF were evaluated and some improvements were suggested. It was found that the ESSPF are dominated by males and include a large percentage of older persons. A total of 26.54% of these farmers have postmatriculation qualifications. Undefined and indigenous breeds still dominate their animal genetics. The animal health technicians are the preferred channels by which farmers report diseases to the authorities (52.47%) and only one out of five (20.37%) will preferably report a disease situation direct to a veterinarian. These farmers do not vaccinate their stock, and knowledge of biosecurity is poor. Antimicrobials, especially tetracyclines, are abused. Animals that are slaughtered within the community or sold at local sale points, pension pay stations and auction markets are likely candidates for disease spread. It is recommended that the younger generations are retained and incentivised in animal agriculture. Improved training on management, health, biosecurity and better market access must be provided for the ESSPF, whilst efforts should made to consolidate these farmers into small cooperatives. The current government agricultural support system will need to be reworked to benefit the resource-poor farmers. Collaborative efforts in disease reporting and management among veterinarians, animal health technicians and extension officers will become necessary. Finally, the creation of a progressive quality grading system for ESSPF should be planned by the industry and this should be attached to a reward system that will encourage these farmers to target good farming practice. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian tm2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Limpopo Department of Agriculture, The Department of Production Animal Studies and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, Onderstepoort. en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.ojvr.org en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mokoele, J.M., Spencer, B.T., Van Leengoed, L.A.M.G. & Fasina, F.O., 2014, ‘Efficiency indices and indicators of poor performance among emerging small-scale pig farmers in the Limpopo Province, South Africa’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 81(1), Art. #774, 12 pages. http:// dx.doi.org/10.4102/ojvr. v81i1.774. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0030-2465
dc.identifier.issn 2219-0635
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/ojvr. v81i1.774
dc.identifier.other H-9699-2013
dc.identifier.other 16416667800
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/43397
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS OpenJournals Publishing en_ZA
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © 2014. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS OpenJournals. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Emerging small-scale pig farmers (ESSPF) en_ZA
dc.subject Animal agriculture en_ZA
dc.subject Biosecurity and efficient production systems en_ZA
dc.subject Vaccination en_ZA
dc.subject Limpopo Province, South Africa en_ZA
dc.title Efficiency indices and indicators of poor performance among emerging small-scale pig farmers in the Limpopo Province, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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