Browsing Research Articles (Forensic Medicine) by Title

Browsing Research Articles (Forensic Medicine) by Title

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  • Cocks, Jeannie; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Steffens, Francois E.; Saayman, Gert (Elsevier, 2015-04)
    In a country notorious for violent crime, it seems that South African medico-legal laboratories make minimal application of technology in the death investigation process and little attention is given to trace evidence. ...
  • Blumenthal, Ryan; Scholtz, Pieter Evelyn Pienaar; Shuttleworth, Jenna-lee (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2019-12)
    We present the case of a male adult who was admitted to an emergency department after having sustained envenomation from a black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis). According to the available history, a single fang hooked his ...
  • Blumenthal, Ryan; Saayman, Gert (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2014-09)
    Bone marrow embolism in electrocution was first described in the literature by Rappaport et al (Am J Pathol. 1951;27(3):407Y433) in 1951. Two case studies demonstrating this phenomenon are reported here, one involving ...
  • Blumenthal, Ryan; Saayman, Gert (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2017-06)
    We present the case of a 41-year-old woman who was fatally injured during a witnessed lightning strike event and in whom autopsy revealed the unusual keraunopathological finding of overt pneumomediastinum. The possible ...
  • Van den Ordel, G.; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    BACKGROUND : Children and young adults are particularly vulnerable to intentional and accidental fatal injuries. The majority of deaths in Africa in children <5 years of age are due to infectious diseases. Road traffic ...
  • Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert (Elsevier, 2016-07)
    According to the WorldHealth Organization, an estimated 9 million people contracted tuberculosis (TB) with approximately 25% of TB cases being from Africa. TB was reported as the number one cause of natural death for ...
  • Barit, Shimon; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert (Institute for Security Studies, 2020)
    In 2013, South Africa had the second highest rate of imprisonment in Africa. During the apartheid era, a substantial number of deaths in custody involved political detainees. However, two decades after the abolition of ...
  • Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Morris, Neil Kenneth; Meyer, Pieter; Saayman, Gert (Springer, 2016-03)
    In South Africa bee stings are most commonly caused by either Apis mellifera capensis or A. mellifera scutellata, indigenous species which are notoriously aggressive when compared to European honey bees. According to ...
  • Blumenthal, Ryan (The Birds of Prey Programme of South Africa’s Endangered Wildlife Trust, 2014)
    An adult giraffe was struck dead by lightning on a game farm outside Phalaborwa, South Africa in March 2014. Interestingly, delayed post-mortem predation occurred on the carcass, which according to the farm owners was an ...
  • Jena, Shirley; Mountany, Leverne; Muller, Anton (Elsevier, 2009)
    A study was undertaken to research the occurrence of homicide–suicide events in the Pretoria region from January 1997 until October 2001. It is important to attempt understanding this tragic phenomenon from psychiatric ...
  • Loots, Donovan P.; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert (Springer, 2015-12)
    A previously healthy 2 year old female toddler was brought to the emergency department with a history of severe hematemesis. Posterior-Anterior (PA) and lateral chest radiographs demonstrated a round radio-opaque object ...
  • Blumenthal, Ryan; Jandrell, Ian R.; West, Nicholas J. (Lippencott, Williams & Wilkens, 2012-09)
    Five mechanisms have been described in the literature regarding lightning injury mechanisms. A sixth mechanism is proposed in this article, namely, lightning barotrauma. A simple laboratory experiment was conducted using ...
  • Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert; Morris, Neil Kenneth (Elsevier, 2016-01)
    Drowning is classified as the 3rd leading cause of accidental deaths worldwide and is deemed to be a preventable cause of death. Bodies retrieved from a water medium pose several challenges to the forensic pathologist ...
  • Liebenberg, Jade; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert; Steenkamp, Vanessa (Institute for Security Studies, 2019-03)
    Driving under the influence is a major threat to road safety in South Africa. Various psychoactive substances (both licit and illicit) have the potential to adversely affect driving performance and increase the probability ...
  • Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Saayman, Gert (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2014-09)
    The incidence of fatal injuries in children has been reported to be highest among children aged 1 to 4 years. Major causes of head injury include road traffic accidents, falls, and intentional or inflicted injury (such as ...
  • Loots, Donovan P.; Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine (Springer, 2016-01)
    A previously healthy 31 year old African male was assisting friends with the repair of the roof of a neighboring house. That evening at a social gathering the man complained of an apparent headache and went home early ...
  • Blumenthal, Ryan; Hänert-van der Zee, Brigitte (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2018-06)
    We present the case of an adult white man found dead in a psychiatric institution with fine white powder (monoammonium phosphate) deposited over the entire face after he insufflated the contents of a dry chemical fire ...
  • Silva, L.M.A.; Cooper, M.A.; Blumenthal, Ryan; Pliskin, N. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-09)
    BACKGROUND. On 11 November 1994, 26 preadolescent girls, 2 adult supervisors and 7 dogs were sleeping in a tent in rural South Africa when the tent was struck by lightning. Four of the girls and 4 of the dogs were killed. ...
  • Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine; Pickworth, G.P.; Snyman, G. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-05)
    BACKGROUND. Numerous articles have been published on the use of autopsies in training medical students in anatomy and different branches of pathology. Some authors have described the emotional response of students who ...
  • Robinson, Liam; Makhoba, Aubrey Musa; Bernitz, Herman (South African Dental Association, 2020-04)
    The body of a decomposed female was found immersed in a water purification plant in a small town. The South African Police Service (SAPS) believed that the body could be that of a person they had been searching for since ...