In this article, we analyse an instance of revitalisation of a dormant
interregional organisation dating back to the Cold War: the Zone of Peace and
Cooperation of the South Atlantic (ZOPACAS), initially launched by South American
and African states in 1986 through the UN General Assembly. Drawing on the concepts
of “consensual hegemony” we argue that the current phase of ZOPACAS’ existence is
characterised by Brazil’s efforts to rekindle it, thus reflecting its aspiration to create a new
space of influence. Rather than pursuing more traditional forms of regional leadership,
Brazil uses ZOPACAS as part of a persuasion-based strategy based on regional
multilateralism that is designed in antagonism to other international organisations and
Western powers. However, this strategy also faces important limitations resulting from
resource constraints, lack of institutionalisation and an excessive exclusionary focus on
minimising the role of global powers with interests in the region.
Madiba, Thomas Khomotjo(University of Pretoria, 2013-06-10)
Background: The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) like other Defence Forces of the world, conducts medical classification on their members. This medical classification has, as one of the components, an Oral ...
Mashaba, Johannes Monodowafa(University of Pretoria, 2009-04-28)
The role that South Africa has played in international affairs has grown immensely since the first democratic elections that were held in April 2004. The country’s commitments in international affairs are guided by its ...