The vulvar skin in the adult comprises about one percent of the body surface and it is a highly specialised and
adaptable skin. The competency of the vulvar and vaginal skin to withstand injury and infection is a remarkable
feat of humankind. However, a number of allergic conditions may affect this region of the female body. The major
symptomatology of vulvar disease can be summarised as pain, pruritus, swelling, local masses and dyspareunia
and most of these are common in allergic diseases in this area.
Symptoms of contact dermatitis include severe pruritus, swelling and usually a date of onset. Several causes of
contact dermatitis are known, including allergy to condom contents. Atopic vulvar dermatitis is the vulvar component
of systemic atopy and the vulva displays the symptoms of pruritus and burning. Allergens may produce
the condition known as painful vulva syndrome, which presents as vulvodynia. The vulva is sometimes the only
affected part of the skin in women with eczema.