Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Mauritius, 11-13 July, 2011.
Searching for historical backgrounds of today’s
technological achievements, the authors examined a case of
heat transfer in the Roman period. This paper reports on an
interdisciplinary investigation of the properties of the heating
system of the private baths in the imperial palace of the roman
emperor Diocletian (end of 3rd - beginning of the 4th C. AD) in
Split (Croatia). The analysis of temperature distribution in those
baths helped archaeologists to determine the functions of each
of the rooms in the premises. On the other hand,
thermodynamic calculation was conducted in order to get an
insight in heating efficiency and temperature distribution in the
most preserved part of the thermae.