This dissertation entitled: “Policy Options in The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): An Overview from 1960 to 2006” entails to develop an analytical framework with the intention of looking at various policy options that could guide the leadership in mapping out a roadmap for sustainable development in the reconstruction of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The research recognises that suitable policies which can provide solutions for the political and socio-economic problems of the DRC must be sought within the geographic, demographic, religious and ethnic context of that country. Hence, the dissertation departs from the premises that the diagnosis of the solution needed to remedy problems afflicting many African nations such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo begins with the inherent problem of governance. Consequently, the study investigates sources of bad governance and factors which have led to the collapse of a state beginning with the historical consequence of colonialism and the mismanagement by successive regimes. These factors are largely responsible for the decimation of potentially, Africa’s wealthiest nations, reducing them to being amongst the poorest in the world. Beyond the context of the continental policies, the dissertation examines the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s own Post Conflict and Reconstruction policy. Also for consideration is the areas of priority that needs focussing on if a post conflict and reconstruction policy is to be successful. This includes ensuring that peace and security prevails by stabilising the country through the reform of the security sector. Security in this context must be understood in its broad format which includes human security. On the other hand, the study also presents the argument that policies alone are not sufficient to create a functioning state that is of service to its people. For the future and prosperity of the Congo, it is essential not only to have the correct policies only, but also a leadership, at all levels, that will embrace and implement them.
Dissertation (MAdmin)--University of Pretoria, 2009.