Paediatrics and Child Health

Paediatrics and Child Health

Recent Submissions

  • Green, Robin J.; Jeevarathnum, A.C.; Van Niekerk, Andre (Allergy Society of South Africa, 2016-09)
    Wheeze is common in infants and young children. Asthma is but one cause and it is obviously important to exclude or include as it is amenable to specific therapy. It is also obvious that the pre-school or young child is ...
  • Maharaj, M.; Dungwa, Norman (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-09)
    A 1-week-old infant was brought to a regional hospital with a history of recurrent seizures following lower abdominal septic skin infection. She was found to have neonatal tetanus, and a spatula test was positive. The ...
  • Hendriksz, Christian J.; Berger, Kenneth I.; Lampe, Christina; Kircher, Susanne G.; Orchard, Paul J.; Southall, Rebecca; Long, Sarah; Sande, Stephen; Gold, Jeffrey I. (BioMed Central, 2016-08-26)
    The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) comprise a heterogeneous family of rare, genetic lysosomal storage disorders that result in severe morbidity and reduced life expectancy. Emerging treatments for several of these disorders ...
  • Pattinson, Robert Clive; Leisher, Susannah Hopkins; Teoh, Zheyi; Reinebrant, Hanna; Allanson, Emma; Blencowe, Hannah; Erwich, Jan Jaap; Froen, J. Frederik; Gardosi, Jason; Gordijn, Sanne; Gulmezoglu, A. Metin; Heazell, Alexander E.P.; Korteweg, Fleurisca; Lawn, Joy; McClure, Elizabeth M.; Smith, Gordon C.S.; Tuncalp, Ozge; Wojcieszek, Aleena M.; Flenady, Vicki (BioMed Central, 2016-09-15)
    BACKGROUND : To reduce the burden of 5.3 million stillbirths and neonatal deaths annually, an understanding of causes of deaths is critical. A systematic review identified 81 systems for classification of causes of ...
  • Abbott, Salome; Green, Robin J.; Annamalay, Alicia A.; Sikazwe, Chisha; Khoo, Siew-Kim; Bizzintino, Joelene; Zhang, Guicheng; Laing, Ingrid; Chidlow, Glenys R.; Smith, David W.; Gern, James; Goldblatt, Jack; Lehmann, Deborah; Le Souëf, Peter N. (Elsevier, 2016-08)
    BACKGROUND : Human rhinovirus (RV) is the most common respiratory virus and has been associated with frequent and severe acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI). The prevalence of RV species among HIV-infected children ...
  • Smuts, Izelle (New Media Publishing, 2016-08)
    A group of 7 progressive, multi-system disorders with at least 11 different lysosomal enzyme deficiencies.
  • Goga, Ameena Ebrahim; Singh, Yagespari; Singh, Michelle; Noveve, Nobuntu; Magasana, Vuyolwethu; Ramraj, Trisha; Abdullah, Fareed; Coovadia, Ashraf H.; Bhardwaj, Sanjana; Sherman, Gayle G. (Springer, 2016-08)
    INTRODUCTION : Increasing access to HIV-related care and treatment for children aged 0–18 years in resource-limited settings is an urgent global priority. In 2011–2012 the percentage increase in children accessing a ...
  • Green, Robin J.; Van Niekerk, Andre; Jeevarathnum, A.C.; Feldman, C.; Richards, G.A. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-08)
    The human body is exposed to a multitude of microbes and infectious organisms throughout life. Many of these organisms colonise the skin, gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and airway. We now recognise that this colonisation ...
  • Bergh, Anne-Marie; De Graft-Johnson, Joseph; Khadka, Neena; Om’Iniabohs, Alyssa; Udani, Rekha; Pratomo, Hadi; De Leon-Mendoza, Socorro (BioMed Central, 2016-01-27)
    BACKGROUND : Kangaroo mother care has been highlighted as an effective intervention package to address high neonatal mortality pertaining to preterm births and low birth weight. However, KMC uptake and service coverage have ...
  • Van den Berg, Sharon; Van Rooyen, Cathy (Allergy Society of South Africa, 2016-06)
    A great number of advances have been made in the diagnostic tools and testing methods available for foodallergy diagnosis. Improved and new methodologies have become available not only to identify the presence of a food ...
  • Muller, Ernst W.; Stevens, Paul S.; Becker, P. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    BACKGROUND : The time from birth to the first paediatric surgical consultation of neonates with gastroschisis is a predictor of mortality in developing countries. This is contrary to findings in the developed world. We ...
  • Feucht, Ute Dagmar; Van Bruwaene, L.; Becker, Piet J.; Kruger, Mariana (Wiley, 2016-05)
    OBEJECTIVES : To describe growth in HIV‐infected children on long‐term antiretroviral therapy (ART) and to assess social, clinical, immunological and virological factors associated with suboptimal growth. METHODS : This ...
  • Green, Robin J.; Madhi, S.A. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-05)
    Many cases of bronchiolitis are caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which was first identified in 1956 as causing illness in humans. Despite ongoing efforts since the 1960s to develop an RSV vaccine, it has ...
  • Green, Robin J.; White, D.A.; Madhi, S.A.; Jeena, P.; Zar, H.J.; Morrow, B.M.; Masekela, R.; Risenga, S. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-05)
    Bronchiolitis is a viral-induced lower respiratory tract infection that occurs predominantly in children <2 years of age, particularly infants. Many viruses have been proven or attributed to cause bronchiolitis, including ...
  • Green, Robin J.; Morrow, B.M.; Feldman, C. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016)
    It is estimated that 2 - 3% of children will be hospitalised with viral bronchiolitis during their first year of life, and a small proportion of them will have a severe course of the disease, requiring intensive care and ...
  • Lewis, H.; Zar, H.J.; Madhi, S.A.; White, D.A.; Masekela, R.; Risenga, S.; Feldman, C.; Morrow, B.; Jeena, P. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-04)
    Management of acute viral bronchiolitis is largely supportive. There is currently no proven effective therapy other than oxygen for hypoxic children. The evidence indicates that there is no routine benefit from inhaled, ...
  • Green, Robin J.; Zar, H.J. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-04)
    This issue of CME profiles acute viral bronchiolitis – a common condition that is often not serious. Nonetheless, each year a number of infants, particularly those with an underlying susceptibility to severe disease, ...
  • White, D.A.; Green, Robin J.; Zar, H.J.; Madhi, S.A; Jeena, P.; Morrow, B.; Masekela, R.; Risenga, S. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-04)
    Bronchiolitis may be diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms. In a young child, the diagnosis can be made on the clinical pattern of wheezing and hyperinflation. Clinical symptoms and signs typically start ...
  • Karsas, M.; Becker, Piet J.; Green, Robin J. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    BACKGROUND : Serious infections in children are difficult to determine from symptoms and signs alone. Fever is both a marker of insignificant viral infection, as well as more serious bacterial sepsis. Therefore, seeking ...
  • Choopa, M.S.; Kock, Celeste; Terblanche, Alta J.; Wittenberg, Dankwart F.; Manda, S.O.M. (Samuel) (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    BACKGROUND : Biliary atresia is a common cause of cholestasis. In our experience, patients with biliary atresia are referred late, with the diagnosis based on an absent gall bladder at ultrasonography. Such late referrals ...

View more