Abraham Kuyper accused the so-called 'ethische' theologians that they
only pretended to be Calvinists because the doctrine of predestination did not figure as a central point of their thinking. In this paper the answer
of J H Gunning Jr, one of the leaders of the so-called 'ethischen', to
Kuyper is discussed. Although this paper mainly focuses on six articles
Gunning published in the periodical 'Stemmen voor waarheid en vrede'
between 1878 and 1880, it also introduces other articles of Gunning into
the discussion. The topic of this paper indicates how, in the end, Gunning saw predestination.
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