This report presents three scenarios on the impact of COVID-19 in Africa using economic growth
forecasts, mortality and efforts to ameliorate impact through social grants. Likely effects are
examined on per capita income, poverty and the attainment of selected Sustainable Development
Goals targets. Africa’s development trajectory has suffered a severe setback, with extreme poverty
rising in all the scenarios. The pandemic threatens Africa in several ways, and the report provides
policy recommendations to reduce vulnerability and strengthen resilience.