Massive urbanization and increasing disposable incomes favor a rapid transition in diets
and lifestyle in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). As a result, the SSA population is becoming increasingly
vulnerable to the double burden of malnutrition and obesity. This, combined with the increasing
pressure to produce sufficient food and provide employment for this growing population together
with the threat of climate change-induced declining crop yields, requires urgent sustainable solutions.
Can an increase in the cultivation of climate-resilient crops (CRCs) and their utilization to produce
attractive, convenient and nutritious bread products contribute to climate change adaptation and
healthy and sustainable diets? A food system analysis of the bread food value chain in SSA indicates
that replacement of refined, mostly imported, wheat in attractive bread products could (1) improve
food and nutrition security, (2) bring about a shift to more nutritionally balanced diets, (3) increase
economic inclusiveness and equitable benefits, and (4) improve sustainability and resilience of the
food system. The food system analysis also provided systematic insight into the challenges and
hurdles that need to be overcome to increase the availability, affordability and uptake of CRCs.
Proposed interventions include improving the agronomic yield of CRCs, food product technology,
raising consumer awareness and directing policies. Overall, integrated programs involving all
stakeholders in the food system are needed.