To date, there have been few published reports of Caracal spp. (or other non-domestic carnivores) preying upon
nocturnal strepsirrhine primates anywhere in continental Africa. However, in South Africa, most studies of caracal
diet have been conducted outside of the known geographic range of South Africa’s nocturnal primates. Here we
report Otolemur crassicaudatus (the greater or thick-tailed bushbaby/galago) remains recovered from the stomach
of a caracal, collected in Limpopo province, South Africa, in 2018, which included portions of the limbs, tail, skull
and dentition, allowing confident taxonomic assignment. Sixty-seven carnivores (equal in size or larger than
O. crassicaudatus), including one other caracal, also had stomach contents examined between 2012 and 2019 in
northern South Africa. None included O. crassicaudatus remains, making this the first documented example of this
non-human primate species being preyed upon by an endemic carnivore; kills of O. crassicaudatus by domestic
dogs, though not being consumed, have previously been documented. These data expand the knowledge of the diet
of caracal in southern Africa and may signal an expanding caracal dietary regime and possible behavioural changes
in O. crassicaudatus, such as increased terrestrial movement, with increasing human actions and reduction of
endemic forests and habitats.
BACKGROUND : Wild carnivores living alongside humans and domestic animals are vulnerable to changes in the infectious
disease dynamics in their populations. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and ...
Makungu, Modesta; Du Plessis, Wencke M.; Barrows, Michelle; Koeppel, Katja Natalie; Groenewald, Hermanus B.(American Association of Zoo Veterians, 2012)
Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in six adult captive caracals (Caracal caracal) to describe
the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy. Consistently, the splenic parenchyma was hyperechoic to the
liver and ...