Defining the popliteal fossa by bony landmarks and mapping of the courses of the neurovascular structures for application in popliteal fossa surgery

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dc.contributor.author Greenwood, Kelsi
dc.contributor.author Van Zyl, Reinette
dc.contributor.author Keough, Natalie
dc.contributor.author Hohmann, Erik
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-04T08:21:16Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-04T08:21:16Z
dc.date.issued 2021-03
dc.description.abstract Surgical access to the posterior knee poses a high-risk for neurovascular damage. The study aimed to define the popliteal fossa by reliable bony landmarks and comprehensively mapping the neurovascular structures for application in posterior knee surgery. Forty-five (20 male, 25 female) embalmed adult cadaveric knees were included. The position of the small saphenous vein (SSV), medial cutaneous sural nerve (MCSN) and lateral cutaneous sural nerv (LCSN), tibial nerve (TN) and common fibular nerve (CFN) nerves, and popliteal vein (PV) and popliteal artery (PA) were determined in relation to either medial (MFE) or lateral (LFE) femoral epicondyles, medial (MTC) and lateral (LTC) tibial condyles and the midpoint between the MFE and MTC and LFEF and LTC. The distance between the MFE and the PA, PV, TN, MCSN, and SSV was 38.4±12.1 mm, 38.4±12.9 mm, 39.4±10.2 mm, 39.2±14.0 mm and 37.6±12.5 mm respectively for males and 34.6±4.9 mm, 32.8±5.6 mm and 38.0±8.1 mm 38.8±10.1 mm and 37.9±8.2 mm respectively for females. The distance between LFE and the CFN and LCSN was 13.4±8.2 mm and 24.9±7.3 mm respectively for males and 8.4±9.1 mm and 18.4±10.4 mm respectively in females. This study defined the popliteal fossa by reliable bony landmarks and provided a comprehensive map of the neurovascular structures and will help to avoid injuries to the important neurovascular structures. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anatomy en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri https://acbjournal.org/main.html en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Greenwood, K., Van Zyl, R., Keough, N. & Hohmann, E. 2021, 'Defining the popliteal fossa by bony landmarks and mapping of the courses of the neurovascular structures for application in popliteal fossa surgery', Anatomy and Cell Biology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 10-17. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2093-3665 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2093-3673 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.5115/acb.20.179
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/79753
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Korean Association of Anatomists en_ZA
dc.rights © 2021. Anatomy & Cell Biology. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. en_ZA
dc.subject Knee en_ZA
dc.subject Tibial nerve en_ZA
dc.subject Popliteal artery en_ZA
dc.subject Anatomy en_ZA
dc.subject Posterior knee en_ZA
dc.subject Surgery en_ZA
dc.title Defining the popliteal fossa by bony landmarks and mapping of the courses of the neurovascular structures for application in popliteal fossa surgery en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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