Undoubtedly, environmental damage is one of the most important challenges facing
contemporary human beings. This is important because the signs that threaten this damage
have now become apparent, threatening humans with widespread environmental pollution.
On the other hand, humanity will not be able to live a normal life without a safe and healthy
environment. Therefore, preservation and protection of the environment, as the most
important basic needs of survival, are considered by everyone, including researchers. As a
consequence, various studies aim to identify the factors that play a role in how humans and
the environment interact. To this end, the present study considered the comprehensiveness of
Islam and paid attention to all human needs, and intended to examine the role of religious
beliefs on how to interact with the environment. It is worth mentioning that the statistical
population of this study comprised 387 Iranian Muslim students (from different Islamic
religions) from different universities in Iran. After the distribution of standardised research
questionnaires whose validity and reliability was confirmed, the collected data were analysed
by statistical software. Finally, the results concluded the following: (1) The investigated
statistical population pledged and bonded to religious instructions, (2) the investigated
statistical population had an appropriate interaction with the environment and (3) the
obligation and pledge to religious beliefs had a positive and significant role in people
interacting with the environment so that people with strong religious beliefs had a more
appropriate interaction with the environment, in opposition to people with less religious
beliefs whose interaction with the environment was not apt.
CONTRIBUTION: This research provides further insight into the relations between Theology,
religious beliefs and the interaction of people with the environment.