Prey preferences of modern human hunter-gatherers

Show simple item record Bugir, Cassandra K. Peres, Carlos A. White, Kevin S. Montgomery, Robert A. Griffin, Andrea S. Rippon, Paul Clulow, John Hayward, Matt W. 2021-04-16T11:13:40Z 2021-03
dc.description.abstract Understanding traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles in our modern world is fundamental to our understanding of their viability, as well as the role of humans as predators in structuring ecosystems. Here, we examine the factors that drive prey preferences of modern hunter-gatherer people by reviewing 85 published studies from 161 tropical, temperate and boreal sites across five continents. From these studies, we estimated Jacobs' selectivity index values (D) for 2243 species/spatiotemporal records representing 504 species from 42 vertebrate orders based on a sample size of 799,072 kill records (median = 259). Hunter-gatherers preferentially hunted 11 large-bodied, riskier species, and were capable of capturing species ranging from 0.6 to 535.3 kg, but avoided those smaller than 2.5 kg. Human prey preferences were driven by whether prey were arboreal or terrestrial, the threats the prey afforded hunters, and prey body mass. Variation in the size of prey species pursued by hunter-gatherers across each continent is a reflection of the local size spectrum of available prey, and historical or prehistorical prey depletion during the Holocene. The nature of human subsistence hunting reflects the ability to use a range of weapons and techniques to capture food, and the prey deficient wildlands where people living traditional lifestyles persist. en_ZA
dc.description.department Mammal Research Institute en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2021-12-07
dc.description.librarian hj2021 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The University of Newcastle - Australia en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Bugir, C.K., Peres, C.A., White, K.S. et al. 2021, 'Prey preferences of modern human hunter-gatherers', Food Webs, vol. 26, art. e00183, pp. 1-12. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2352-2496 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.fooweb.2020.e00183
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Food Webs. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Food Webs, vol. 26, art. e00183, pp. 1-12, 2021. doi : 10.1016/j.fooweb.2020.e00183. en_ZA
dc.subject Prey preferences en_ZA
dc.subject Human subsistence en_ZA
dc.subject Group hunters en_ZA
dc.subject Foraging en_ZA
dc.subject Hunter-gatherers en_ZA
dc.subject Predator-prey interactions en_ZA
dc.subject Hominid en_ZA
dc.subject Human ecology en_ZA
dc.subject Human evolution en_ZA
dc.title Prey preferences of modern human hunter-gatherers en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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