Human practices promote presence and abundance of disease‑transmitting mosquito species

Show simple item record Schrama, Maarten Hunting, Ellard R. Beechler, Brianna R. Guarido, Milehna M. Govender, Danny Nijland, Wiebe Van ‘t Zelfde, Maarten Venter, Marietjie Van Bodegom, Peter M. Gorsich, Erin E. 2021-04-08T10:19:13Z 2021-04-08T10:19:13Z 2020-08
dc.description.abstract Humans alter the environment at unprecedented rates through habitat destruction, nutrient pollution and the application of agrochemicals. This has recently been proposed to act as a potentially significant driver of pathogen-carrying mosquito species (disease vectors) that pose a health risk to humans and livestock. Here, we use a unique set of locations along a large geographical gradient to show that landscapes disturbed by a variety of anthropogenic stressors are consistently associated with vector-dominated mosquito communities for a wide range of human and livestock infections. This strongly suggests that human alterations to the environment promote the presence and abundance of disease vectors across large spatial extents. As such, it warrants further studies aimed at unravelling mechanisms underlying vector prevalence in mosquito communities, and opens up new opportunities for preventative action and predictive modelling of vector borne disease risks in relation to degradation of natural ecosystems. en_ZA
dc.description.department Medical Virology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2021 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship We thank Kruger National Park and the communities surrounding the park for the great field work opportunities and housing. This incredible amount of work could not have been taken place without the great help that Skhumbuza provided during those long field work months, and the assistance from a large collective of volunteers and students: Matthijs, Gerda, Henrik, Karabo, Ndumie, Nina, Vicky, Louie, Gijs and Tino. This study was supported by LUF/Gratama (Grant 2016.08), and Uyttenboogaart-Eliasen (Grant SUB.2016.12.08) both awarded to M.S., and the RCN-IDEAS grant which was awarded to E.E.G. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship LUF/Gratama, Uyttenboogaart-Eliasen and the RCN-IDEAS. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Schrama, M., Hunting, E.R .& Beechler, B.R. 2020, 'Human practices promote presence and abundance of disease‑transmitting mosquito species', Scientific Reports, vol. 10, art. 13543, pp. 1-6. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1038/s41598-020-69858-3
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. en_ZA
dc.subject Humans en_ZA
dc.subject Habitat destruction en_ZA
dc.subject Nutrient pollution en_ZA
dc.subject Agrochemicals en_ZA
dc.title Human practices promote presence and abundance of disease‑transmitting mosquito species en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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