BACKGROUND : Mentoring as support for both the business and the individual entrepreneur or
small business owner is important for the continued perseverance of the entrepreneurial
AIM : Different mentoring outcomes were evaluated to establish what is being gained from
the mentoring relationships to encourage other entrepreneurs and small business owners to
pursue mentoring relationships.
SETTING : South African entrepreneurs and small business owners who were currently being
mentored or had been mentored.
METHOD : The study used a survey research design that consisted of 209 qualifying entrepreneurs
and small business owners. An online questionnaire was used to collect the data.
RESULTS : The results show that there is a relationship between the different mentoring outcomes
(skills transfer outcomes, knowledge transfer outcomes, entrepreneur resilience outcomes and
business outcomes). In addition, it was established that as the mentoring relationship goes
through the different phases of initiation, cultivation, separation and redefinition, mentoring
outcomes such as skills transfer and entrepreneur resilience are independently attained.
CONCLUSION : Understanding the outcomes of mentoring will encourage more participation in
the field of mentoring for South African mentors, entrepreneurs and small business owners
through awareness of the benefits thereof as well as how mentoring can form a strong
supporting mechanism. This research makes a theoretical contribution by naming and
grouping mentoring outcomes into four categories, such as skills transfer outcomes, knowledge
transfer outcomes, entrepreneur resilience outcomes and business outcomes.