The increasing burden of asthma in South African children : a call to action

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dc.contributor.author Masekela, R.
dc.contributor.author Gray, C.L.
dc.contributor.author Green, Robin J.
dc.contributor.author Manjra, A.I.
dc.contributor.author Kritzinger, F.E.
dc.contributor.author Levin, M.
dc.contributor.author Zar, H.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-21T05:38:19Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-21T05:38:19Z
dc.date.issued 2018-07
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Asthma is a heterogeneous condition characterised by chronic inflammation and variable expiratory airflow limitation, as well as airway reversibility. The burden of asthma in children is increasing in low- and middle-income countries and remains underrecognised and poorly managed. OBJECTIVES : To quantify the burden of asthma in the South African (SA) population and identify the risk factors associated with disease severity in the local context. METHODS : The SA Childhood Asthma Working Group (SACAWG) convened in January 2017 with task groups, each headed by a section leader, constituting the editorial committee on assessment of asthma epidemiology, diagnosis, control, treatments, novel treatments and self-management plans. The epidemiology task group reviewed the available scientific literature and assigned evidence according to the Grades of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. CONCLUSIONS : Asthma in children remains a common condition, which has shown an increasing prevalence in urban and rural populations of SA. Of concern is that almost half of children in urban communities experience severe asthma symptoms, and many asthmatics lack a formal diagnosis and thus access to treatment. Exposure to tobacco smoke and living in highly polluted areas increase the severity of wheezing in young children. en_ZA
dc.description.department Paediatrics and Child Health en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2018 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship SACAWG conducted a workshop that received an unconditional educational grant from the Allergy Society of South Africa – funded by Novartis. en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.samj.org.za en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Masekela, R., Gray, C.L., Green, R.J. et al. 2018, 'The increasing burden of asthma in South African children : a call to action', South African Medical Journal, vol. 108, no. 7, pp. 537-539. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0256-9574 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-5135 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i7.13162
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/66614
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2018, South African Medical Association. All rights reserved. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Works License (CC BY-NC 3.0). en_ZA
dc.subject Asthma en_ZA
dc.subject School children en_ZA
dc.subject Rhinitis en_ZA
dc.subject Allergies en_ZA
dc.subject Prevalence en_ZA
dc.subject Atopic eczema en_ZA
dc.subject Exercise-induced asthma en_ZA
dc.subject Exercise-induced bronchospasm en_ZA
dc.subject Bronchoal hyperresponsiveness en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.title The increasing burden of asthma in South African children : a call to action en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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