BACKGROUND : This research investigated the anatomy underlying minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty when the anterior approach
METHODS : Ninety hips were dissected and in one cadaver, a complete hip replacement was performed. Simulations of the anterior
approach surgical incisions were carried by the orthopaedic surgeon in order to see if injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
(LFCN) could be avoided, when the correct anatomical landmarks were palpated.
RESULTS : The data analysis revealed significant differences for the mean distances from the pubic tubercle to the straight head of the
rectus femoris muscle. Statistical significance was detected for comparisons between males and females, for weight ranges and BMI
CONCLUSION : The study findings prove that the concerns relating to the course and distribution pattern of the LFCN and the lateral
circumflex femoral artery (LCFA) using the anterior approach, could be overcome when the anatomy of the hip joint and the thigh is
understood. However, it is important to note the possible variations in the course of the LFCN and the branching pattern of the LCFA
in order to avoid intra-operative bleeding and possible thigh numbness post-surgery.