Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a primary complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a direct manifestation of vitamin B12
deficiency. Examining the effects of metformin use on PN status became imperative following clinical studies that showed the vitamin
B12-lowering effect of the medication. The complexity of the topic and the inconsistency of the results warrant consideration of
topic-specific perspectives for better understanding of the available evidence and more appropriate design of future studies.