Paresis in pigs in relation to nutritional deficiencies

Show simple item record Kellermann, J.H. Schulz, K.C.A. Thomas, A.D.
dc.contributor.editor Du Toit, P.J. 2017-03-10T09:03:15Z 2017-03-10T09:03:15Z 2017 1943
dc.description The articles have been scanned in colour with a HP Scanjet 5590; 300dpi. Adobe Acrobat XI Pro was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract 1. A form of paralysis or paresis prevalent in some parts of the Union in young pigs is described. There was evidence already that it was due to a deficient diet. 2. Experiments were carried out to establish the cause of this disease more definitely by feeding to young pigs rations low in vitamin A, in calcium or both. 3. The pigs deficient in vitamin A developed symptoms which in the earlier stages at any rate correspond with those seen in the natural disease. An account of the symptoms and pathological changes noted in this artificial avitaminosis is given. 4. The pigs on a combined vitamin A and Ca deficient diet developed such a softening of the skeleton that within 80 days three out of four fractured their spine and had to be destroyed. Other pigs started on the same ration when somewhat older, and which presumably, therefore, had a greater calcium (+ vitamin A) reserve in their body, did not develop such extreme lesions. 5. Gilts on a vitamin A deficient diet showed irregularity in the oestrous cycle. Oestrus occurred more frequently and persisted for abnormally long periods. 6. A ration of equal parts by weight of skim milk and white maize is physiologically complete for growth in pigs except that it is low in calcium and in vitamin A. The incorporation of 2 per cent. bonemeal and 10 per cent. lucerne meal in such a diet or the substitution of yellow maize and bone meal for white maize resulted in normal growth and good health in pigs. Where green feed or other cheap sources of vitamin A are not available in adequate quantities, such a supplementation should prevent all tendency to paralysis and poor growth. 7. Cod liver oil administered to animals even in advanced stages of the deficiency effected rapid and striking improvement in health. Some of the lesions, however, could not be cured completely, e.g., bad cases of scoliosis and blindness. en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Kellermann, JH, Schulz, KCA & Thomas, AD 1943, 'Paresis in pigs in relation to nutritional deficiencies’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Industry, vol. 18, nos. 1 & 2, pp. 225-262. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0330-2465
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Pretoria : The Government Printer en_ZA
dc.rights © 1943 ARC - Onderstepoort and Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria (original). © 2017 University of Pretoria. Dept. of Library Services (digital). en_ZA
dc.subject Veterinary medicine en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary medicine -- South Africa
dc.title Paresis in pigs in relation to nutritional deficiencies en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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