The use of traits and contextual information in free personality descriptions across ethnocultural groups in South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Valchev, Velichko H.
dc.contributor.author Van de Vijver, Fons J.R.
dc.contributor.author Nel, J. Alewyn
dc.contributor.author Rothmann, Sebastiaan
dc.contributor.author Meiring, Deon
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-09T07:21:46Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-09T07:21:46Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06
dc.description.abstract The present study investigates the differences between 3 ethnocultural groups in South Africa in the use of traits and contextual information for personality descriptions and the interaction of these differences with social distance from the target person and with personality domains. Semistructured interviews asking for selfand other-descriptions were conducted with 1,027 Blacks, 84 Coloureds and Indians, and 105 Whites, representing the country’s 11 official languages. In Part 1 we found similarities in the total set of categories used most often for personality description across the 3 groups—traits, behaviors, preferences, and perceptions (over 86%), which were context-free (over 66%)—as well as substantial differences between the groups in the relative use of these categories. In Part 2 we found that distance from the target person plays a role in cross-cultural differences in trait use and contextualization. In Part 3 we found significant interactions of culture with the use of traits and contextual information across agency–communion and 9 indigenous South African personality clusters similar to the Big Five. The responses of Blacks confirmed expectations for collectivistic groups (fewer traits and more contextualization), of Whites for individualistic groups (more traits and less contextualization), and Coloureds and Indians had an intermediate pattern. The results are discussed in the framework of the trait and cultural psychology perspectives on personality. en_ZA
dc.description.department Human Resource Management en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.apa.orgpubs/journals/psp/index.aspx en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Valchev, VH, Van de Vijver, FJR, Nel, AJ, Rothmann, S & Meiring, D 2013, 'The use of traits and contextual information in free personality descriptions across ethnocultural groups in South Africa', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 1077-1091. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3514 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1939-1315 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1037/a0032276
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/58381
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en_ZA
dc.rights © 2013 American Psychological Association, all rights reserved. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. en_ZA
dc.subject Trait en_ZA
dc.subject Context en_ZA
dc.subject Culture en_ZA
dc.subject Implicit personality conceptions en_ZA
dc.title The use of traits and contextual information in free personality descriptions across ethnocultural groups in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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