This article investigates whether different religious (mythological) worldviews can be described as
alternative and altered states of consciousness (ASCs). Differences between conscious and
unconscious motivations for behaviour are discussed before looking at ASCs, Weltanschauung and
symbolic universes. Mythology can be described both as Weltanschauung and symbolic universe,
functioning on all levels of consciousness. Different Weltanschauungen constitute alternative states
of consciousness. Compared to secular worldviews, religious worldviews may be described as
ASCs. Thanks to our globalised modern societies, the issue is even more complex, as alternate
modernities lead to a symbolic multiverse, with individuals living in a social multiverse.