Honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) pathogens and parasites and the negative effects thereof on honeybee
populations remain an issue of public concern and the subject of active research. Africa with its high genetic
diversity of honeybee sub-species and large wild population is also exposed to various factors responsible for colony
losses in other parts of the world. Apart from the current American foulbrood epidemic in theWestern Cape of South
Africa, no large-scale colony losses have been reported elsewhere on the continent. We discuss the presence of
pathogens, parasites, pests and predators of African honeybees as well as the threats they face in relation to habitat
changes arising from the impact of increased human populations. In addition, we discuss current efforts aimed at
protecting and promoting the health of African honeybees.