Acute kidney injury in children – not just for the nephrologist

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dc.contributor.author Choopa, M.S.
dc.contributor.author Van Biljon, Getruida
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-24T15:27:10Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-24T15:27:10Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.description.abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a condition that is characterised by an abrupt reduction in kidney function, and is not limited to acute renal failure. However, it is potentially treatable. Failure to do so may result in death or progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). AKI requires urgent management in order to ensure a better clinical outcome. Traditionally, AKI is classified according to aetiology, i.e. pre-renal, intrinsic renal and post-renal AKI. Clinical features depend on the age of the patient, the cause and related complications. Symptoms and signs may be non-specific, e.g. poor feeding and vomiting, or more specific, e.g. oedema, macroscopic haematuria and oliguria. The staging of AKI is based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate and urine output. AKI from any cause increases the risk of CKD developing, and vice versa. There are absolute indications for renal replacement therapy, e.g. anuria, whereas other patients can be managed successfully conservatively. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.tandfonline.com/oemd en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Choopa, MS & Van Biljon, G 2015, 'Acute kidney injury in children – not just for the nephrologist', South African Family Practice, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 30-33. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2078-6190 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-6204 (online)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/51532
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Medpharm Publications en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 The Author(s). Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0. en_ZA
dc.subject Children en_ZA
dc.subject Fluid management en_ZA
dc.subject pRIFLE en_ZA
dc.subject Renal replacement therapy en_ZA
dc.subject Acute kidney injury (AKI) en_ZA
dc.subject Chronic kidney disease (CKD) en_ZA
dc.title Acute kidney injury in children – not just for the nephrologist en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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