Evidence of fatal skeletal injuries on Malapa Hominins 1 and 2

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dc.contributor.author L'Abbe, Ericka Noelle
dc.contributor.author Symes, Steven A.
dc.contributor.author Pokines, James T.
dc.contributor.author Cabo, Luis L.
dc.contributor.author Stull, Kyra Elizabeth
dc.contributor.author Kuo, Sharon
dc.contributor.author Raymond, David E.
dc.contributor.author Randolph-Quinney, Patrick S.
dc.contributor.author Berger, Lee R.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-16T08:15:25Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-16T08:15:25Z
dc.date.issued 2015-10-13
dc.description.abstract Malapa is one of the richest early hominin sites in Africa and the discovery site of the hominin species, Australopithecus sediba. The holotype and paratype (Malapa Hominin 1 and 2, or MH1 and MH2, respectively) skeletons are among the most complete in the early hominin record. Dating to approximately two million years BP, MH1 and MH2 are hypothesized to have fallen into a natural pit trap. All fractures evident on MH1 and MH2 skeletons were evaluated and separated based on wet and dry bone fracture morphology/characteristics. Most observed fractures are post-depositional, but those in the right upper limb of the adult hominin strongly indicate active resistance to an impact, while those in the juvenile hominin mandible are consistent with a blow to the face. The presence of skeletal trauma independently supports the falling hypothesis and supplies the first evidence for the manner of death of an australopith in the fossil record that is not attributed to predation or natural death. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation of South Africa (NRF) en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.nature.com/scientificreports en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation L’Abbé, EN, Symes, SA, Pokines, JT, Cabo, LL, Stull, KE, Kuo, S, Raymond, DE, Randolph-Quinney, PS & Berger, LR 2015, 'Evidence of fatal skeletal injuries on Malapa Hominins 1 and 2', Scientific Reports, vol. 5, art. no. 15120, pp. 1-11. DOI: 10.1038/srep15120. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.other 10.1038/srep15120
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/50483
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 [Author et al]. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.subject Skeletal trauma en_ZA
dc.subject Hominin species (Australopithecus sediba) en_ZA
dc.subject Malapa Hominin 1 (MH1) en_ZA
dc.subject Malapa Hominin 2 (MH2) en_ZA
dc.title Evidence of fatal skeletal injuries on Malapa Hominins 1 and 2 en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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