The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of exposure of centre-based correctional officials to traumatic events in the Department of Correctional Services (DCS) and to determine the extent of support to those who might be exposed to trauma and traumatic events.
To achieve this, a literature review was conducted which provided an in-depth knowledge and understanding on the types of exposures, the symptoms that affect individuals and the provision of support and/or intervention to those exposed to traumatic events in DCS. The literature review focused on the causes of trauma, the symptoms related to trauma and traumatic events and the different trauma intervention models that can be applied to those exposed.
The information obtained from the literature review was utilised when drafting and consolidating information relevant and necessary for the survey questionnaire. Through a systematic sampling technique within stratified sampling, a sample was selected and a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data from centre-based correctional officials. The results obtained were used to come to a theoretical conclusion of the study. The empirical study established that centre-based correctional officials are exposed to traumatic events in DCS and that there is limited provision of support upon exposure to traumatic events.
Based on analysis and interpretation of the research findings, recommendations were made to management, Employee Assistance Programme (EAP) personnel and to centre-based correctional officials at Kgoši Mampuru II Local correctional centre for Awaiting Trial Detainees (ATD’s) on how to manage issues related to trauma upon exposure in DCS.