A security analysis of the Ivorian conflict : 1993-2003

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dc.contributor.advisor Hough, Mike (Michael) en
dc.contributor.postgraduate Anum, Samuel Adotey en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-07T11:21:43Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-24 en
dc.date.available 2013-09-07T11:21:43Z
dc.date.created 2011-04-06 en
dc.date.issued 2011-08-24 en
dc.date.submitted 2011-08-19 en
dc.description Dissertation (MSecurity Studies)--University of Pretoria, 2011. en
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study is to examine the role of the political élite in the analysis of the causes of conflicts and insecurity as well as the determination of threats to national security in the Third World with particular reference to West Africa using Côte d’Ivoire as a case study. To achieve this aim, the study employed a conceptual framework of national security that highlighted the concept of security and the distinction between the traditional notions and widening views of security as manifested in the post-Cold War approaches to the subject. The differences between the various levels of security, namely national security and state and regime security were examined. A distinction was made between minimal and maximal states on the one hand, and strong and weak states on the other which enabled the application of the concepts to Third World countries, including Africa. The concept of threats and vulnerabilities and how subjective elements of threat assessment blurred the difference between national security and regime security, were also analyzed including the causes of armed conflicts in developing countries and in Africa specifically. Based on these concepts, the study analyzed the political, socio-economic and security conditions of the Ivory Coast in the period before and during French rule, including the post-independence era. The aim of the historical analysis was to highlight the critical role played by the élite in the identification of threats to national security. This role invariably identified with the protection of élite interest or regime security and often reflected a subjective view of threats to security, the management of which created high levels of insecurity leading to the armed conflict in Côte d’Ivoire in 2002. The study established that the preservation of élite interests and power is the root cause of conflicts in Africa and West Africa. Subsequently, élite cohesion becomes critical to the security of the state as élite disunity leads to manipulation of objective threats or risks that generates insecurity that not only transcends borders, but also creates a security dilemma for states as well as conditions for irredentism. en
dc.description.availability unrestricted en
dc.description.department Political Sciences en
dc.identifier.citation Anum, SA 2010, A security analysis of the Ivorian conflict : 1993-2003, MSecurity Studies dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://hdl.handle.net/2263/27391 > en
dc.identifier.other F11/626/gm en
dc.identifier.upetdurl http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-08192011-171119/ en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/27391
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher University of Pretoria en_ZA
dc.rights © 2010, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. en
dc.subject Élite interests en
dc.subject Domestic insecurity en
dc.subject State security en
dc.subject Security en
dc.subject Regional security en
dc.subject Eegime security en
dc.subject Ivoirité en
dc.subject Identity politics en
dc.subject Ethno-religion en
dc.subject Armed conflict en
dc.subject UCTD en_US
dc.title A security analysis of the Ivorian conflict : 1993-2003 en
dc.type Dissertation en


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