Researchers use interviews as one of the means of collecting the information that is surrounding people. Interviewing is an important instrument of collecting data during a research. Although the collection of particular data is not guaranteed, interviews render an opportunity for collection of that data. Reasons for successful collection and/ or failure to collect the targeted data are various. Cultural formation of the interview situation might be one of those various reasons. This study focused on selected cultural dimensions, namely race, gender and language as possible causative dimensions influencing the generation of data in terms of volume, expression, range, content and content formulation. Data collected during culturally formulated interviews were presented. The influence that the three dimensions might have had on the generation of data was emphasized. A Response Process Model was utilized in this study to interpret the responding process that an individual might go through before yielding a response to the posed question. Coupled with the demands of meeting the question’s objective, an individual might be bombarded by extraneous and internal cues that might be exacerbated by the cross-cultural formation of the interview situation and therefore imposing extra demands on the individual and ultimately affecting the response given. The response processes were indicated in this study that at times were altered to possibly suit the cross-cultural interview situation.
Dissertation (MEd (Educational Psychology))--University of Pretoria, 2006.