This article reviews the existing work on environmental degradation resulting from agricultural practices in the developing world, and presents the empirical facts and figures thereon. This is followed by the identification and analysis of the underlying factors, causes and effects of the agricultural environmental degradation of these regions. The macro-social and micro-social factors that determine the adoption of conservation practices, and the short- and long-term implications of government policies in the developing countries are deemed some of the most important considerations for environmental policy analysis and decision making at national and international levels. Environmental policies directed at the developing regions of South Africa are suggested.
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