Biogeographical assessment of anthropogenic threats to areas where different frog breeding groups occur in South Africa : implications for anuran conservation

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dc.contributor.author Mokhatla, Mohlamatsane M.
dc.contributor.author Measey, G. John
dc.contributor.author Chimimba, Christian Timothy
dc.contributor.author Janse Van Rensburg, Berndt
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-04T07:38:36Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-31T00:20:04Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05
dc.description.abstract AIM To determine the spatial relationship between areas where different frog breeding groups occur and elevated anthropogenic activities, and the conservation implications thereof. LOCATION South Africa. METHODS Data on frog distribution ranges for the southern African sub-region were used to identify biogeographic areas within South Africa. A random draw technique was used to determine whether areas where different frog breeding groups occur were characterised by higher levels of anthropogenic threats than expected by chance. Four measures (human population density, percentage land transformation, percentage protected area, and invasive alien plants richness) expected to reflect threats were analysed. RESULTS Terrestrial-breeders were more often spatially associated with areas of threat than expected by chance in three of the seven biogeographical regions examined with land transformation and invasive alien plant richness being most significant. The south central was the only region where terrestrial-breeders were spatially congruent with protected areas. Areas where stream-breeders occur were spatially congruent with anthropogenic threats (with alien plants being most consistent) in five of the seven regions examined while protected areas were well represented in four of the seven regions. Non-significant results were found for permanent and temporary aquatic-breeders at both the national and the biogeographic scale. MAIN CONCLUSIONS By analyzing data at the sub-continental scale we were able to identify regional threats to amphibians traditionally classified at species specific scales. Our study recognised land transformation and alien invasive plants as significant threats to areas important for the long-term breeding success of stream and terrestrial amphibians in South Africa. Areas where different breeding groups occur in the southwestern Cape showed the greatest spatial congruence with the threats examined. Areas where terrestrial breeding frogs occur are not well represented in the current conservation network. This has important implications in addressing the current status of threats on amphibians in a biogeographical context. en
dc.description.librarian ab2012 en
dc.description.sponsorship The DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology and the University of Pretoria. en
dc.description.uri http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111(ISSN)1472-4642 en
dc.identifier.citation Mokhatla, MM, Measey, GJ, Chimimba, CT & Van Rensburg, BJ 2012, 'A biogeographical assessment of anthropogenic threats to areas where different frog breeding groups occur in South Africa : implications for anuran conservation', Diversity and Distributions, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 470-480. en
dc.identifier.issn 1366-9516 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1472-4642 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00870.x
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/19980
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Wiley-Blackwell en
dc.rights © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The definite version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111(ISSN)1472-4642. en
dc.subject Anthropogenic threats en
dc.subject Biogeographical scale en
dc.subject National scale en
dc.subject Protected areas network en
dc.subject.lcsh Frogs -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Anura en
dc.subject.lcsh Natural areas en
dc.title Biogeographical assessment of anthropogenic threats to areas where different frog breeding groups occur in South Africa : implications for anuran conservation en
dc.type Postprint Article en


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