Historically most of the privileged white schools offered career guidance opportunities to their learners. Prior
to 1994 career guidance was compulsory for white learners. Black education operated under the Department of
Education and Training and some of the schools did offer guidance services through auxiliary services. School
districts in South Africa are faced by the following challenges, namely: limited resources, lack of expertise and
knowledge by some members of Institutional Learning Support Teams in managing multicultural counseling.
Clustering of schools can help school districts and schools in sharing of expertise, resources, comparing of
standards and for cooperative working