W C van Manen is the most fascinating representative of the 'Dutch Radicals'.
In his opus magnum (1890-1895), Paulus, he argued that we do not have any authentic Pauline epistles. Earlier, in 1865, he had
defended the thesis that Paul was the author of 1 Thessalonians. After his appointment as a professor in Leiden we can see his growing doubt about the authenticity of even the four main epistles: Romans, 1 and 2
Corinthians and Galatians. In 1889 Van Manen said for the first time that, in his opinion, we do not have any authentic Pauline epistles. The importance of Van Manen is that he compels us to account for our opinions regarding the authorship of the thirteen 'Pauline' epistles.
Spine cut of Journal binding and pages scanned on flatbed EPSON Expression 10000 XL; 400dpi; text/lineart - black and white - stored to Tiff
Derivation: Abbyy Fine Reader v.9 work with PNG-format (black and white); Photoshop CS3; Adobe Acrobat v.9
Web display format PDF