Personality profiles of recreational scuba divers

Show simple item record Coetzee, Nicoleen 2011-03-11T12:07:43Z 2011-03-11T12:07:43Z 2010-12
dc.description.abstract Although classified as an extreme sport, recreational scuba diving differs substantially from other forms of extreme sport. As a result, several researchers have theorized that scuba divers would display unique personality traits but little research has thus far been conducted regarding the issue. Previous investigations tended to group participants of different types of extreme sports together before conducting personality studies. The aim of the present study was to explore which personality traits are prevalent amongst recreational scuba divers. In order to control for extraneous variables such as the level of proficiency in scuba diving and the interrelation between individuals and their natural environment, it was decided to include entry-level divers from the same geographical area in the sample. Sixty divers participated in the study. A personality questionnaire, the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire Part I, was administered. Sten scores were used as units of analysis. Frequency tables revealed high scores on self-sufficiency, boldness and impulsivity and low scores on conformity, warmth and sensitivity. The findings indicated that divers’ personality traits differ from what the literature indicated to be typical of the extreme athlete’s personality profile. An exploratory factor analysis was performed and four personality types, namely the adventurer, the rationalist, the dreamer and the passive-aggressive macho diver were identified. The results suggested that the amount of high-risk behaviour displayed by the diver would be dependent upon his/her personality type. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Coetzee, N 2010, 'Personality profiles of recreational scuba divers', African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance (AJPHERD), vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 568-579. [] en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1117-4315
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Africa Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance en_US
dc.rights Africa Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance. This article is embargoed by the publisher until December 2012. en_US
dc.subject Extreme sport en_US
dc.subject Recreational scuba diving en_US
dc.subject Entry-level recreational scuba divers en_US
dc.subject Personality traits en_US
dc.subject Personality profiles en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Scuba divers -- Personality en
dc.title Personality profiles of recreational scuba divers en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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