1982 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 49, 1982

1982 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 49, 1982

 

Untitled Document

CONTENTS
Volume 49: Number 1
Studies on the infectivity of Boophilus decoloratus males and larvae infected with Babesia bigemina Gray, J.S.; Potgieter, F.T. 1

Studies on Haemonchus contortus. VI. Attempts to stimulate immunity to abomasal trichostrongylids in Merino sheep Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Bruckner, Christel 3

Helminth and arthropod parasites of springbok, Antidorcas marsupialis, in the Transvaal and western Cape Province Horak, Ivan Gerard; Meltzer, David George Anton; De Vos, Valerius 7

The pathology of Rift Valley fever. II. Lesions occurring in field cases in adult cattle, calves and aborted foetuses Coetzer, Jacobus A.W. 11

Clinical and pathological studies in adult sheep and goats experimentally infected with Wesselsbron disease virus Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Theodoridis, A. 19

The value of the microtitre serum agglutination test as a second screening test in bovine brucellosis Herr, S.; Te Brugge, Lesley A.; Guiney, M.C.M. 23

Studies on Parafilaria bovicola Tubangui, 1934. Ill. Pathological changes in infested calves Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Viljoen, J.H. 29

Parasites of South African freshwater fish. I. Some nematodes of the catfish [Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)] from the Hartbeespoort Dam Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik 41

Prozones and delayed reactions in the rose bengal test for bovine brucellosis Herr, S. 53

Leptospira interrogans serovar pomona associated with abortion in cattle : isolation methods and laboratory animal histopathology Herr, S.; Riley, A.E.; Neser, J.A.; Roux, D.; De Lange, J.F. 57

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XIV. The seasonal prevalence of Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Ctenocephalides spp. on kennelled dogs in Pretoria North Horak, Ivan Gerard 63

RESEARCH COMMUNICATION: Studies on Haemonchus contortus. VII. The effect of treatment of Trichostrongylus axei prior to challenge with H. contortus

Reinecke, R.K.; Bruckner, Christel; De Villiers, I.L. 69

Volume 49: Number 2

Studies on the physiopathology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the horse. VI. The alveolar dead space Littlejohn, A.; Bowles, Felicity 71

The seasonal incidence of helminth parasites and of Oestrus ovis in Karakul sheep in the Kalahari region of South West Africa/Namibia. Biggs, H.C.; Anthonissen, M. 73

The reproducibility of results in bovine brucellosis serology and their correlation with the isolation of Brucella abortus Herr, S.; Roux, D.; Pieterson, P.M. 79

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XV. The seasonal prevalence of ectoparasites on impala and cattle in the northern Transvaal Horak, Ivan Gerard 85

Cooperia acutispiculum n. sp. (Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae) from the kudu, Tragelaphus strepsiceros (Pallas, 1766) Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik 95

The effect of incubation and prefeeding of infected Rhipicephalus simus nymphae and adults on the transmission of Anaplasma marginale Potgieter, F.T.; Van Rensburg, L. 99

Sequential development of the liver lesions in new-born lambs infected with Rift Valley fever virus. I. Macroscopic and microscopic pathology Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Ishak, K.G. 103

Sequential development of the liver lesions in new-born lambs infected with Rift Valley fever virus. II. Ultrastructural findings Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Ishak, K.G.; Calvert, R.C. 109

Immune response to the simultaneous vaccination of day-old chickens with live and inactivated oil-based Newcastle disease vaccines Pollard, B. 123

Seasonal incidence of helminths in the Burchell's zebra Scialdo, Rosina C.; Reinecke, R.K.; De Vos, Valerius 127

The presence of Paneth cells confirmed in the pig Myer, M.S. 131

Volume 49: Number 3

Virulence and heterologous strain immunity of South African and Australian Babesia bovis strains with reduced pathogenicity De Vos, A.J.; Bessenger, R.; Fourie, C.G. 133

Tetraphyllin B and epi-tetraphyllin B from Adenia glauca Schinz Spencer, K.C.; Seigler, D.S. 137

Helminth and arthropod parasites of blesbok, Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi, and of bontebok, Damaliscus dorcas dorcas. Horak, Ivan Gerard; Brown, Moira R.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik; De Vos, Valerius; Van Zyl, Elsa A. 139

Helminth and arthropod parasites of vaal ribbok, Pelea capreolus, in the western Cape Province Horak, Ivan Gerard; De Vos, Valerius; De Klerk, B.D. 147

Studies on Haemonchus contortus. VIII. Attempts to protect suckling lambs against infestation with H. contortus Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Joubert, Gerda 149

Studies on Strongylus asini. I. Experimental infestation of equines Malan, F.S.; De Vos, Valerius; Reinecke, R.K.; Pletcher, J.M. 151

Babesia bigemina vaccine : comparison of the efficacy and safety of Australian and South African strains under experimental conditions in South Africa De Vos, A.J.; Combrink, M.P.; Bessenger, R. 155

The effect of predosing calves with Trichostrongylus axei on subsequent challenge with Haemonchus placei Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Joubert, Gerda 159

Babesia, Theileria and Anaplasma spp. infecting sable antelope, Hippotragus niger (Harris, 1838), in southern Africa Thomas, Shan E.; Wilson, D.E.; Mason, T.E. 163

A study of the pathology of lumpy skin disease in cattle Prozesky, Leon; Barnard, B.J.H. 167

Antibody response of guinea-pigs and cattle to a Campylobacter fetus oil emulsion vaccine Cameron, Colin McKenzie 177

Volume 49: Number 4
The ecology of Rhipicephalus zambeziensis and Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acarina, Ixodidae) with particular reference to Zimbabwe Norval, R.A.I.; Walker, Jane B.; Colborne, J. 181

Non-bite transmission of rabies in kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) Barnard, B.J.H.; Hassel, R.H.; Geyer, H.J.; De Koker, W.C. 191

A simple technique for the rapid diagnosis of rabies in formalin-preserved brain Barnard, B.J.H.; Voges, S.F. 193

A survey on neoplasia in domestic species over a 40-year period from 1935 to 1974 in the Republic of South Africa. I. Tumours occurring in cattle Bastianello, Stella S. 195

A survey on neoplasia in domestic species over a 40-year period from 1935 to 1974 in the Republic of South Africa. II. Tumours occurring in sheep Bastianello, Stella S. 205

Studies on the physiopathology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the horse. VII. Percentage venous admixture Littlejohn, A.; Bowles, Felicity; Maluleka, W. 211

A study on the function of some subcellular systems of the sheep myocardium during gousiekte. I. The energy production system Snyman, L.D.; Van der Walt, J.J.; Pretorius, P.J. 215

A study on the function of some subcellular systems of the sheep myocardium during gousiekte. II. The contractile protein system Snyman, L.D.; Van der Walt, J.J.; Pretorius, P.J. 221

The effect of temperature on the in vitro transcriptase reaction of bluetongue virus, epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus and African horsesickness virus Huismans, H. (Henk), 1942-; Van Dijk, A.A. 227

Schistosoma mattheei Veglia & LeRoux, 1929, egg output from cattle in a highly endemic area in the eastern Transvaa Pitchford, R.J.; Visser, P.S. 233

Observations on the clinical, cardiac and histopathological effects of fluoroacetate in sheep Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Naude, T.W. 237

Studies on South African cardiac glycosides. II. Observations on the clinical and haemodynamic effects of cotyledoside Naude, T.W.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra) 247

Rearing the blood-feeding fly Haematobia thirouxi potans in the laboratory Doube, B.M.; Fay, H.A.C.; Aschenborn, H.H. 255

Slight resistance to the residual effect of closantel in a field strain of Haemonchus contortus which showed an increased resistance after one selection in the laboratory Van Wyk, J.A.; Gerber, H.M.; Alves, Regina M.R. 257

Author index

263

Subject index

267

Recent Submissions

  • Anonymous; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
  • Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Pretoria : Government Printer, 1982)
  • Barnard, B.J.H.; Voges, S.F.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    A simple technique is described for the rapid diagnosis of rabies in formalin-preserved brain. Brain tissue was emulsified, washed with phosphate-buffered saline and digested with trypsin. The digested material was stained ...
  • Barnard, B.J.H.; Hassel, R.H.; Geyer, H.J.; De Koker, W.C.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The titres of rabies virus in the saliva of kudu are higher than those of the salivary glands. The high titres are an indication of active excretion and multiplication in tissues other than the salivary glands. Two out ...
  • Norval, R.A.I.; Walker, Jane B.; Colborne, J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    R. zambeziensis, like R. appendiculatus, is primarily a parasite of domestic and wild herbivores, and sometimes carnivores. Both species occur in parts of east, central and southern Africa, but they are not as a rule ...
  • Van Wyk, J.A.; Gerber, H.M.; Alves, Regina M.R.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    On the strength of a complaint of suspected resistance to closantel, a field strain of Haemonchus contortus was isolated from sheep on a farm near Pretoria and tested for resistance to the remedy, both without exposure to ...
  • Doube, B.M.; Fay, H.A.C.; Aschenborn, H.H.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Two methods for rearing the African blood-feeding fly Haematobia thirouxi potans in the laboratory are described. The adult flies can be fed either on a bovine calf or in vitro, where they produced viable eggs only when ...
  • Naude, T.W.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Cotyledoside, a bufadienolide isolated from Tylecodon wallichii (Harv.) Toelken, subs. wallichii (=Cotyledon wallichii Harv.), was dosed to guinea-pigs and sheep. In guinea-pigs, the oral and subcutaneous LD₅₀ values were ...
  • Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Naude, T.W.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Fluoroacetate was dosed per stomach tube to 17 Merino sheep at the rate of 0,05 - 1,0 mg/kg/day. The clinical signs, haemodynamic changes, chemical pathology and pathology of acute, subacute and chronically intoxicated ...
  • Pitchford, R.J.; Visser, P.S.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The results of 6-month estimations of S. mattheei faecal egg counts on 513 cattle in a highly endemic area of the eastern Transvaal over a 2-year period are given. After an initial high egg output of short duration the egg ...
  • Snyman, L.D.; Van der Walt, J.J.; Pretorius, P.J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    In order to determine the status of the energy production system of the heart during cardiac failure of sheep with gousiekte, observations were made of the heart tissue levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), creatine ...
  • Littlejohn, A.; Bowles, Felicity; Maluleka, W.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    The percentage venous admixture was calculated in 21 clinically normal horses and ponies and in 13 horses and ponies with chronic obstructure pulmonary disease (COPD). The oxygen contents of pulmonary end-capillary blood, ...
  • Bastianello, Stella S.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    A survey was carried out on all ovine neoplasms recorded in the registration files of the Section of Pathology of the Veterinary Research Institute at Onderstepoort over a 40-year period from 1935 to 1974. The neoplasms ...
  • Bastianello, Stella S.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    A survey was carried out on all the bovine neoplasms recorded in the registration files of the Section of Pathology of the Veterinary Research Institute, Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, over a 40-year period from ...
  • Huismans, H. (Henk), 1942-; Van Dijk, A.A.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Virions of bluetongue virus (BTV), epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) and African horsesickness virus (AHSV) can be converted to core particles by treatment with chymotrypsin and magnesium. The conversion is ...
  • Snyman, L.D.; Van der Walt, J.J.; Pretorius, P.J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Two groups of Merino sheep were intoxicated separately and at different times with "gousiektebossie" (Pachystigma pygmaeum) until definite symptoms of heart failure were auscultated. Cardiectomy was carried out and some ...
  • Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    A method is described for the mass production of Campylobacter fetus oil emulsion vaccine, using 2 strains of C. fetus ss intestinalis and a strain of C. fetus ss intermedius as a substitute for C. fetus ss venerialis. ...
  • Prozesky, Leon; Barnard, B.J.H.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Microscopic lesions in cattle infected with the virus of the Neethling form of lumpy skin disease comprised a granulomatous reaction in the dermis and hypodermis which extended to the surrounding tissue. During the early ...
  • Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Joubert, Gerda; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    Twelve calves were dosed with 40 000 and a further 12 with 80 000 infective larvae of Trichostrongylus axei respectively. These 2 groups and a control group were subsequently dosed with 50 000 infective larvae of Haemonchus ...
  • Reinecke, R.K.; De Villiers, I.L.; Joubert, Gerda; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Jordaan, E.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B. (Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1982)
    A group of 12 Merino lambs, 3,5 months of age, which were still suckling, were each dosed with 40 000 infective larvae of Trichostrongylus axei on Day 0. From Day +62 - Day 64 each of these lambs and those of a 2nd group ...

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