2001 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 68, 2001

2001 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 68, 2001

 

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CONTENTS

Volume 68: Number 1

Seasonal variation in cotyledoside concentration of Tylecodon wallichii (Harv.) Tolken subsp. wallichii sampled in a krimpsiekte-prevalent region Botha, CJ, Rundberget, T, Wilkins, AL, Mulders, MSG, Flaoyen, A & Van Aardt, MP 1

Studies on the critical water mass, rehydration capability and potential, acute chill tolerance and supercooling point of Argas (Persicargas) walkerae (Acari: Argasidae) Gothe, R & Stark, U 11

Transmission studies on Trichinella species isolated from Crocodylus niloticus and efficacy of fenbendazole and levamisole against muscle L1 stages in Balb C mice Mukaratirwa, S, Magwedere, K, Matenga, E & Foggin, CM 21

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XXXIX. Helminth and arthropod parasites of Angora goats in the southern Karoo Horak, IG, Greeff, CJ & MacIvor, KM de F 27

A chemically defined medium for the growth of Cowdria ruminantium Zweygarth, E & Josemans, AI 37

Tick infestation of Borana cattle in the Borana Province of Ethiopia Regassa, A 41

Closure of the ductus arteriosus of indigenous South African goats at high altitude Ohale, LOC 47

Refugia - overlooked as perhaps the most potent factor concerning the development of anthelmintic resistance Van Wyk, JA 55

Research communications:

Antibodies to Newcastle disease virus in the sera of indigenous chickens in Oodi, Kgatleng, Botswana Mushi, EZ, Binta, MG, Chabo, RG, Hyera, JMK, Thibanyane, KM & Mkaria, J 69

The establishment, composition and severity of infection of gastro-intestinal parasites and their impact on productivity of Tswana kids in southern Botswana Nsoso, SJ, Senku, MM & Mine, OM 71

Hosts of the immature stages of the rhinoceros tick, Dermacentor rhinocerinus (Acari, Ixodidae) Horak, IG & Cohen, M 75

Oral administration of mebendazole failed to reduce nematode egg shedding in captive African gazelles Ortiz, J, Ruiz de Ybanez, MR, Abaigar, T, Garijo, M, Espeso, G & Cano, M 79

Volume 68: Number 2

Immunohistochemical and histopathological studies of fixed rabies virus in goats Vural, SA, Berkin, S & Alcigir, G 83

Changes in some factors of the innate immunity and serum zinc and iron concentrations in pigs following intravenous administration of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide Andonova, M, Borissov, I & Sotirov, L 91

The impact of traditional management on seasonal internal parasite burdens and productivity of indigenous Tswana goats in southern Botswana Nsoso, SJ, Machete, JB, Molatole, M, Ndebele, RT, Lebani, NN, Chabo, RG, Kalake, AM, Jacyna, L, Segadimo, BW & Mine, OM 101

Prevalence of virulent Rhodococcus equi in isolates from soil collected from two horse farms in South Africa and restriction fragment length polymorphisms of virulence plasmids in the isolates from infected foals, a dog and a monkey Picard, JA, Guthrie, AJ, Takai, S, Henton, MM, Fukushi, H & Sugimoto, C 105

Helminths in dogs belonging to people in a resource-limited urban community in Gauteng, South Africa Minnaar, WN & Krecek, RC 111

The epidemiology of tuberculosis in free-ranging African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park, South Africa Michel, AL, De Vos, V, Bengis, RG, Kriek, NPJ, Keet, DF, Raath, JP & Huchzermeyer, HFAK 119

Rapid detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus isolates by a triple one-step RT-PCR Wang, ZW, Vreede, FT, Mitchell, JO & Viljoen, GJ 131

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XL. Ticks on dogs belonging to people in rural communities and carnivore ticks on the vegetation Horak, IG, Emslie, FR & Spickett, AM 135

Intestinal helminths of four species of skinks (Mabuya) (Sauria: Scincidae) from southern Africa Goldberg, SR & Bursey, CR 143

Research communications:

Vaccination to control an outbreak of Mycoplasma crocodyli infection Mohan, K, Foggin, CM, Dziva, F & Muvavarirwa, P 149

Alternative cell lines for the propagation of lumpy skin disease virus Binepal, YS, Ongadi, FA & Chepkwony, JC 151

Continuous in vitro propagation of Cowdria ruminantium (Welgevonden stock) in a canine macrophage-monocyte cell line Zweygarth, E & Josemans, AI 155

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Chlamydia psittaci in domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) at Sebele, Gaborone, Botswana Mushi, EZ, Binta, MG, Chabo, RG, Ndebele, R & Panzirah, R 159

Book review:

Comprehensive reports on technical items presented to the International Committee or to Regional Commissions 163

Volume 68: Number 3

Clinical evaluation of anaemia in sheep: early trials Van Wyk, JA, Malan, FS & Wessels, CD 165

Normal oral bacterial flora from some southern African snakes Blaylock, RSM 175

A survey of parasitic nematode infections of chickens in rural Zimbabwe Hove, T, Esmann, JB, Hoj, CJ, Permin, A, Nansen, P & Mukaratirwa, S 183

Epidemiological observations of Zimbabwean theileriosis: disease incidence and pathogenicity in susceptible cattle during Rhipicephalus appendiculatus nymphal and adult seasonal activity Latif, AA, Hove, T, Kanhai, GK, Masaka, S & Pegram, RG 187

Exposure of cattle immunized with different stocks of Theileria parva to buffalo-associated Theileria challenge on two game parks in Zimbabwe Latif, AA, Hove, T, Kanhai, GK & Masaka, S 197

Laboratory and field investigations into the Theileria parva carrier-state in cattle in Zimbabwe Latif, AA, Hove, T, Kanhai, GK & Masaka, S 203

Lamproglena hoi n. sp. (Copepoda: Lernaeidae) from two yellowfish hosts, Barbus marequensis and Barbus polylepis, caught in a river in Mpumalanga, South Africa Dippenaar, SM, Luus-Powell, WJ & Roux, F 209

Immunization of cattle against East Coast fever using Theileria parva (Marikebuni) and relaxation of tick control in North Rift, Kenya Wanjohi, JM, Ngeranwa, JN, Rumberia, RM, Muraguri, GR & Mbogo, SK 217

Tuberculosis in kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) in the Kruger National Park Michel, AL, Keet, DF, Kriek, NPJ & Bengis, RG 225

Validity of intradermal tuberculin testing for the screening of bovine tuberculosis in Madagascar Quirin, R, Rasolofo, V, Andriambololona, R, Ramboasolo, A, Rasolonavalona, T, Raharisolo, C, Rakotoaritahina, H, Chanteau, S & Boisier, P 231

Research communication:

Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, in a kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) from a commercial game farm in the Malelane area of the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa Michel, AL, Bengis, RG, Keet, DF & Kriek, NPJ 239

Volume 68: Number 4

The distribution of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in central Ethiopia Mekonnen, S, Hussein, I & Bedane, B 243

The 3A non-structural-protein coding region of the southern African SAT type isolates differs from that of other foot-and-mouth disease viruses Vosloo, W, Nel, LH, Heath, LE & Van Rensburg, HG 253

Multifactorial mortality in bongos and other wild ungulates in the north of the Congo Republic Huchzermeyer, FW, Penrith, ML & Elkan, PW 263

A survey on anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in Lusaka, Zambia Gabriel, S, Phiri, IK, Dorny, P & Vercruysse, J 271

Seroprevalence of bovine leptospirosis in Garanhuns municipal district, Pernambuco State, Brazil Pereira, GC, Oliveira, AAF, Mota, RA, Langoni, H, Souza, MI, Navegantes, WA & Sa, MEP 275

Diversity, seasonality and sites of attachment of adult ixodid ticks on dogs in the central region of the Free State Province, South Africa Horak, IG, Jacobs, PAH, Fourie, LJ & Kok, DJ 281

A review of the infectious diseases of African wild ruminants Worthington, RW & Bigalke, RD 291

Effect of pavetamine on protein synthesis in rat tissue Prozesky, L, Schultz, RA, Fourie, N, Basson, KM & Labuschagne, L 325

Research communication:

A monovalent attenuated serotype 2 bluetongue virus vaccine confers homologous protection in sheep Hunter, P & Modumo, J 331

Book reviews 335

Author index 341

Subject index 353



Recent Submissions

  • Andonova, M.; Borissov, I.; Sotirov, L.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The changes in some factors of the innate immunity (phagocytosis, complement, lysozyme); haematological parameters - leukocytes, erythrocytes, differential white blood cell counts, haemoglobin, haematocrit and the serum ...
  • Prozesky, Leon; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Fourie, Nicole; Basson, Karin M.; Labuschagne, Leonie; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Pavetamine, the active principle of plants causing gousiekte in ruminants, was found in this study to be an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the rat heart. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intra-peritoneally with 8-10 ...
  • Hunter, P.; Modumo, J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    An outbreak of bluetongue caused by bluetongue virus serotype 2 virus in certain Mediterranean countries during 1999/2000, presented an opportunity to produce a monovalent type 2 vaccine. Since no data have been published ...
  • Wang, Zheng-Wei; Vreede, F.T.; Mitchell, J.O.; Viljoen, G.J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    A triple one-step RT-PCR was developed to screen and differentiate virulent from avirulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates. Three sets of oligonucleotides were designed, each specific for amplifying NDV fusion protein ...
  • Picard, J.A.; Guthrie, Alan John; Takai, S.; Henton, Marijke M.; Fukushi, H.; Sugimoto, C.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The prevalence of virulent Rhodococcus equi in soil isolates from two horse farms in South Africa and nine clinical isolates from six foals, a foal foetus, a dog, and a monkey was investigated. The isolates were tested for ...
  • Pereira, Gregory Cedric; Oliveira, A.A.F.; Mota, R.A.; Langoni, H.; Souza, M.I.; Navegantes, W.A.; Sa, M.E.P.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The prevalence of Leptospira interrogans serovars in dairy cattle was determined by analyzing 464 serum samples from cows on 15 properties in Garanhuns municipal district, Pernambuco State, Brazil. A microscopic seroagglutination ...
  • Huchzermeyer, Fritz W.; Penrith, Mary-Louise; Elkan, P.W.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Wildlife mortality involving bongos, Tragelaphus eurycerus, and other ungulates was investigated in the north of the Congo Republic in 1997. Four bongos, one forest buffalo, Syncerus caffer nanus, and one domestic ...
  • Vosloo, Wilna; Nel, Louis Hendrik; Heath, Livio Edward; Van Rensburg, H.G. (Hester Gertruida); Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The 3A non-structural protein of foot-and-mouth disease viruses is a relatively conserved protein comprising 153 amino acids. Recent studies have demonstrated correlation between mutations in the 3A non-structural-protein-coding ...
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
  • Worthington, R.W.; Bigalke, R.D.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The important viral, protozoal and bacterial diseases of wild African ruminants are reviewed. Special attention is paid to the epidemiological factors that determine the role played by these animals in the transmission ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Jacobs, P.A.H.; Fourie, L.J.; Kok, D.J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Several surveys of ticks infesting dogs belonging to owners in resource-limited and more affluent communities have been conducted in South Africa, but no such investigation has been carried out in the Free State Province ...
  • Mekonnen, S.; Hussein, I.; Bedane, B.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Ixodid ticks were collected from domestic animals, mainly cattle, in 11 administrative zones covering 84 districts in central Ethiopia over a period of 2 years (July 1996 to June 1998). Nineteen tick species were identified. ...
  • Michel, Anita Luise; Keet, D.F.; Kriek, N.P.J.; Bengis, Roy G.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Five kudus ( Tragelaphus strepsiceros), three bulls and two cows, within the Greater Kruger National Park complex, were diagnosed with generalized tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis. The lesions seen ...
  • Latif, Abdalla A.; Hove, T.; Kanhai, G.K.; Masaka, S.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The Theileria parva carrier-state in cattle on commercial farms on Zimbabwe was investigated using parasitological and serological methods. The proportion of cattle showing Theileria piroplasms on two farms, ...
  • Gabriel, Sarah; Phiri, I.K.; Dorny, P.; Vercruysse, J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    While surveys in Southern Africa indicate anthelmintic resistance of gastrointestinal nematodes to be common in small ruminants in South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe, there have been no reports of resistance in ...
  • Quirin, R.; Rasolofo, V.; Andriambololona, R.; Ramboasolo, A.; Rasolonavalona, T.; Raharisolo, C.; Rakotoaritahina, H.; Chanteau, S.; Boisier, P.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    A sample survey with the objective of determining the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis by means of an intradermal tuberculin test was conducted in Madagascar and it was found that the prevalence rate varied ...
  • Dippenaar, Susan M.; Luus-Powell, Wilmien J.; Roux, F.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Lamproglena hoi n. sp. was collected from the gill filaments of largescale yellowfish, Barbus marequensis A. Smith, 1841 and smallscale yellowfish, Barbus polylepis Boulenger, 1907 from the Spekboom River, Mpumalanga, South ...
  • Wanjohi, J.M.; Ngeranwa, J.N.; Rumberia, R.M.; Muraguri, G.R.; Mbogo, S.K.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    A total of 90 animals was immunized against East Coast fever (ECF) using Theileria parva (Marikebuni) stock on three large-scale farms in Kiminini Division, Trans-Nzoia District, North Rift, Kenya. Another 90 cattle served ...

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