2001 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 68, 2001

2001 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 68, 2001

 

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Untitled Document
CONTENTS
Volume 68: Number 1

Seasonal variation in cotyledoside concentration of Tylecodon wallichii (Harv.) Tolken subsp. wallichii sampled in a krimpsiekte-prevalent region

Botha, C.J. (Christoffel Jacobus); Rundberget, T.; Wilkins, A.L.; Mulders, M.S.G.; Flaoyen, A.; Van Aardt, M.P. 1

Studies on the critical water mass, rehydration capability and potential, acute chill tolerance and supercooling point of Argas (Persicargas) walkerae (Acari: Argasidae)

Gothe, R.; Stark, Ulrike 11

Transmission studies on Trichinella species isolated from Crocodylus niloticus and efficacy of fenbendazole and levamisole against muscle L1 stages in Balb C mice

Mukaratirwa, S.; Magwedere, Kudakwashe; Matenga, E.; Foggin, Chris M. 21

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XXXIX. Helminth and arthropod parasites of Angora goats in the southern Karoo

Horak, Ivan Gerard; Greeff, C.J.; MacIvor, K.M. de F. 27

A chemically defined medium for the growth of Cowdria ruminantium

Zweygarth, Erich; Josemans, A.I. 37

Tick infestation of Borana cattle in the Borana Province of Ethiopia

Regassa, A. 41

Closure of the ductus arteriosus of indigenous South African goats at high altitude

Ohale, L.O.C. 47

Refugia - overlooked as perhaps the most potent factor concerning the development of anthelmintic resistance

Van Wyk, J.A. (Jan Aucamp) 55

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Antibodies to Newcastle disease virus in the sera of indigenous chickens in Oodi, Kgatleng, Botswana

Mushi, E.Z.; Binta, M.G.; Chabo, R.G.; Hyera, J.M.K.; Thibanyane, K.M.; Mkaria, J. 69

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: The establishment, composition and severity of infection of gastro-intestinal parasites and their impact on productivity of Tswana kids in southern Botswana

Nsoso, S.J.; Senku, M.M.; Mine, O.M. 71

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Hosts of the immature stages of the rhinoceros tick, Dermacentor rhinocerinus (Acari, Ixodidae)

Horak, Ivan Gerard; Cohen, Marlene 75

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Oral administration of mebendazole failed to reduce nematode egg shedding in captive African gazelles

Ortiz, J.; Ruiz de Ybanez, M.R.; Abaigar, T.; Garijo, M.; Espeso, G.; Cano, M. 79
Volume 68: Number 2

Immunohistochemical and histopathological studies of fixed rabies virus in goats

Vural, S. Atalay; Berkin, S.; Alcigir, G. 83

Changes in some factors of the innate immunity and serum zinc and iron concentrations in pigs following intravenous administration of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide

Andonova, M.; Borissov, I.; Sotirov, L. 91

The impact of traditional management on seasonal internal parasite burdens and productivity of indigenous Tswana goats in southern Botswana

Nsoso, S.J.; Machete, J.B.; Molatole, M.; Ndebele, R.T.; Lebani, N.N.; Chabo, R.G.; Kalake, A.M.; Jacyna, L.; Segadimo, B.W.; Mine, O.M. 101

Prevalence of virulent Rhodococcus equi in isolates from soil collected from two horse farms in South Africa and restriction fragment length polymorphisms of virulence plasmids in the isolates from infected foals, a dog and a monkey

Picard, J.A.; Guthrie, Alan John; Takai, S.; Henton, Marijke M.; Fukushi, H.; Sugimoto, C. 105

Helminths in dogs belonging to people in a resource-limited urban community in Gauteng, South Africa

Minnaar, Willem Nicolaas; Krecek, R.C. 111

The epidemiology of tuberculosis in free-ranging African buffalo ( Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park, South Africa

Michel, Anita Luise; De Vos, Valerius; Bengis, Roy G.; Kriek, N.P.J.; Keet, D.F.; Raath, J.P.; Huchzermeyer, Hildegard F.A.K. 119

Rapid detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus isolates by a triple one-step RT-PCR

Wang, Zheng-Wei; Vreede, F.T.; Mitchell, J.O.; Viljoen, G.J. 131

Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XL. Ticks on dogs belonging to people in rural communities and carnivore ticks on the vegetation

Horak, Ivan Gerard; Emslie, Forbes Richard; Spickett, Arthur M. 135

Intestinal helminths of four species of skinks ( Mabuya) (Sauria: Scincidae) from southern Africa

Goldberg, S.R.; Bursey, C.R. 143

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Vaccination to control an outbreak of Mycoplasma crocodyli infection

Mohan, K.; Foggin, Chris M.; Dziva, Francis; Muvavarirwa, P. 149

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Alternative cell lines for the propagation of lumpy skin disease virus

Binepal, Y.S.; Ongadi, F.A.; Chepkwony, J.C. 151

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Continuous in vitro propagation of Cowdria ruminantium (Welgevonden stock) in a canine macrophage-monocyte cell line

Zweygarth, Erich; Josemans, A.I. 155

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Chlamydia psittaci in domestic pigeons ( Columba livia domestica) at Sebele, Gaborone, Botswana

Mushi, E.Z.; Binta, M.G.; Chabo, R.G,; Ndebele, R.; Panzirah, R. 159

BOOK REVIEW: Comprehensive reports on technical items presented to the International Committee or to Regional Commissions

163
Volume 68: Number 3

Clinical evaluation of anaemia in sheep: early trials

Van Wyk, J.A. (Jan Aucamp); Malan, F.S.; Wessels, C.D. 165

Normal oral bacterial flora from some southern African snakes

Blaylock, R.S.M. 175

A survey of parasitic nematode infections of chickens in rural Zimbabwe

Hove, T.; Esmann, J.B.; Hoj, C.J.; Permin, A.; Nansen, P.; Mukaratirwa, S. 183

Epidemiological observations of Zimbabwean theileriosis: disease incidence and pathogenicity in susceptible cattle during Rhipicephalus appendiculatus nymphal and adult seasonal activity

Latif, Abdalla A.; Hove, T.; Kanhai, G.K.; Masaka, S.; Pegram, R.G. 187

Exposure of cattle immunized with different stocks of Theileria parva to buffalo-associated Theileria challenge on two game parks in Zimbabwe

Latif, Abdalla A.; Hove, T.; Kanhai, G.K.; Masaka, S. 197

Laboratory and field investigations into the Theileria parva carrier-state in cattle in Zimbabwe

Latif, Abdalla A.; Hove, T.; Kanhai, G.K.; Masaka, S. 203

Lamproglena hoi n. sp. (Copepoda: Lernaeidae) from two yellowfish hosts, Barbus marequensis and Barbus polylepis, caught in a river in Mpumalanga, South Africa

Dippenaar, Susan M.; Luus-Powell, Wilmien J.; Roux, F. 209

Immunization of cattle against East Coast fever using Theileria parva (Marikebuni) and relaxation of tick control in North Rift, Kenya

Wanjohi, J.M.; Ngeranwa, J.N.; Rumberia, R.M.; Muraguri, G.R.; Mbogo, S.K. 217

Tuberculosis in kudus ( Tragelaphus strepsiceros) in the Kruger National Park

Michel, Anita Luise; Keet, D.F.; Kriek, N.P.J.; Bengis, Roy G. 225

Validity of intradermal tuberculin testing for the screening of bovine tuberculosis in Madagascar

Quirin, R.; Rasolofo, V.; Andriambololona, R.; Ramboasolo, A.; Rasolonavalona, T.; Raharisolo, C.; Rakotoaritahina, H.; Chanteau, S.; Boisier, P. 231

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS:Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, in a kudu ( Tragelaphus strepsiceros) from a commercial game farm in the Malelane area of the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

Michel, Anita Luise; Bengis, Roy G.; Keet, D.F.; Kriek, N.P.J. 239
Volume 68: Number 4

The distribution of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in central Ethiopia

Mekonnen, S.; Hussein, I.; Bedane, B. 243

The 3A non-structural-protein coding region of the southern African SAT type isolates differs from that of other foot-and-mouth disease viruses

Vosloo, Wilna; Nel, Louis Hendrik; Heath, Livio Edward; Van Rensburg, H.G. (Hester Gertruida) 253

Multifactorial mortality in bongos and other wild ungulates in the north of the Congo Republic

Huchzermeyer, Fritz W.; Penrith, Mary-Louise; Elkan, P.W. 263

A survey on anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in Lusaka, Zambia

Gabriel, Sarah; Phiri, I.K.; Dorny, P.; Vercruysse, J. 271

Seroprevalence of bovine leptospirosis in Garanhuns municipal district, Pernambuco State, Brazil

Pereira, Gregory Cedric; Oliveira, A.A.F.; Mota, R.A.; Langoni, H.; Souza, M.I.; Navegantes, W.A.; Sa, M.E.P. 275

Diversity, seasonality and sites of attachment of adult ixodid ticks on dogs in the central region of the Free State Province, South Africa

Horak, Ivan Gerard; Jacobs, P.A.H.; Fourie, L.J.; Kok, D.J. 281

A review of the infectious diseases of African wild ruminants

Worthington, R.W.; Bigalke, R.D. 291

Effect of pavetamine on protein synthesis in rat tissue

Prozesky, Leon; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Fourie, Nicole; Basson, Karin M.; Labuschagne, Leonie 325

RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS: A monovalent attenuated serotype 2 bluetongue virus vaccine confers homologous protection in sheep

Hunter, P.; Modumo, J. 331

Book reviews

335

Author index

341

Subject index

353

Recent Submissions

  • Andonova, M.; Borissov, I.; Sotirov, L.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The changes in some factors of the innate immunity (phagocytosis, complement, lysozyme); haematological parameters - leukocytes, erythrocytes, differential white blood cell counts, haemoglobin, haematocrit and the serum ...
  • Prozesky, Leon; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Fourie, Nicole; Basson, Karin M.; Labuschagne, Leonie; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Pavetamine, the active principle of plants causing gousiekte in ruminants, was found in this study to be an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the rat heart. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intra-peritoneally with 8-10 ...
  • Hunter, P.; Modumo, J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    An outbreak of bluetongue caused by bluetongue virus serotype 2 virus in certain Mediterranean countries during 1999/2000, presented an opportunity to produce a monovalent type 2 vaccine. Since no data have been published ...
  • Wang, Zheng-Wei; Vreede, F.T.; Mitchell, J.O.; Viljoen, G.J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    A triple one-step RT-PCR was developed to screen and differentiate virulent from avirulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates. Three sets of oligonucleotides were designed, each specific for amplifying NDV fusion protein ...
  • Picard, J.A.; Guthrie, Alan John; Takai, S.; Henton, Marijke M.; Fukushi, H.; Sugimoto, C.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The prevalence of virulent Rhodococcus equi in soil isolates from two horse farms in South Africa and nine clinical isolates from six foals, a foal foetus, a dog, and a monkey was investigated. The isolates were tested for ...
  • Pereira, Gregory Cedric; Oliveira, A.A.F.; Mota, R.A.; Langoni, H.; Souza, M.I.; Navegantes, W.A.; Sa, M.E.P.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The prevalence of Leptospira interrogans serovars in dairy cattle was determined by analyzing 464 serum samples from cows on 15 properties in Garanhuns municipal district, Pernambuco State, Brazil. A microscopic seroagglutination ...
  • Huchzermeyer, Fritz W.; Penrith, Mary-Louise; Elkan, P.W.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Wildlife mortality involving bongos, Tragelaphus eurycerus, and other ungulates was investigated in the north of the Congo Republic in 1997. Four bongos, one forest buffalo, Syncerus caffer nanus, and one domestic ...
  • Vosloo, Wilna; Nel, Louis Hendrik; Heath, Livio Edward; Van Rensburg, H.G. (Hester Gertruida); Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The 3A non-structural protein of foot-and-mouth disease viruses is a relatively conserved protein comprising 153 amino acids. Recent studies have demonstrated correlation between mutations in the 3A non-structural-protein-coding ...
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
  • Worthington, R.W.; Bigalke, R.D.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The important viral, protozoal and bacterial diseases of wild African ruminants are reviewed. Special attention is paid to the epidemiological factors that determine the role played by these animals in the transmission ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Jacobs, P.A.H.; Fourie, L.J.; Kok, D.J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Several surveys of ticks infesting dogs belonging to owners in resource-limited and more affluent communities have been conducted in South Africa, but no such investigation has been carried out in the Free State Province ...
  • Mekonnen, S.; Hussein, I.; Bedane, B.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Ixodid ticks were collected from domestic animals, mainly cattle, in 11 administrative zones covering 84 districts in central Ethiopia over a period of 2 years (July 1996 to June 1998). Nineteen tick species were identified. ...
  • Michel, Anita Luise; Keet, D.F.; Kriek, N.P.J.; Bengis, Roy G.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Five kudus ( Tragelaphus strepsiceros), three bulls and two cows, within the Greater Kruger National Park complex, were diagnosed with generalized tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis. The lesions seen ...
  • Latif, Abdalla A.; Hove, T.; Kanhai, G.K.; Masaka, S.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    The Theileria parva carrier-state in cattle on commercial farms on Zimbabwe was investigated using parasitological and serological methods. The proportion of cattle showing Theileria piroplasms on two farms, ...
  • Gabriel, Sarah; Phiri, I.K.; Dorny, P.; Vercruysse, J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    While surveys in Southern Africa indicate anthelmintic resistance of gastrointestinal nematodes to be common in small ruminants in South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe, there have been no reports of resistance in ...
  • Quirin, R.; Rasolofo, V.; Andriambololona, R.; Ramboasolo, A.; Rasolonavalona, T.; Raharisolo, C.; Rakotoaritahina, H.; Chanteau, S.; Boisier, P.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    A sample survey with the objective of determining the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis by means of an intradermal tuberculin test was conducted in Madagascar and it was found that the prevalence rate varied ...
  • Dippenaar, Susan M.; Luus-Powell, Wilmien J.; Roux, F.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    Lamproglena hoi n. sp. was collected from the gill filaments of largescale yellowfish, Barbus marequensis A. Smith, 1841 and smallscale yellowfish, Barbus polylepis Boulenger, 1907 from the Spekboom River, Mpumalanga, South ...
  • Wanjohi, J.M.; Ngeranwa, J.N.; Rumberia, R.M.; Muraguri, G.R.; Mbogo, S.K.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2001)
    A total of 90 animals was immunized against East Coast fever (ECF) using Theileria parva (Marikebuni) stock on three large-scale farms in Kiminini Division, Trans-Nzoia District, North Rift, Kenya. Another 90 cattle served ...

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